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Landscape Paintings Artists Index

Landscape Paintings Art Reproductions and Canvas Prints
Aivazovsky, Ivan Konstantinovich 1817-1900
Backhuysen, Ludolf 1631-1708
Bamberger, Fritz 1814-1873
Bellotto, Bernardo 1720-1780
Bierstadt, Albert 1830-1902
Birch, Thomas 1779-1851
Bonington, Richard Parkes 1802-1828
Boudin, Eugene 1824-1898
Bradford, William 1823-1892
Bricher, Alfred Thompson 1837-1908
Bruegel the Elder, Jan 1568-1625
Canaletto, Giovanni Antonio Canal 1697-1768
Cantonese School, 19th century
Cezanne, Paul 1839-1906
Chinese School, 19th century
Church, Frederic Edwin 1826-1900
Cole, Thomas 1801-1848
Constable, John 1776-1837
Corot, Jean-Baptiste-Camille 1796-1875
Corrodi, Hermann David Salomon 1844-1905
Cropsey, Jasper Francis 1823-1900
Cuyp, Aelbert 1620-1691
Daubigny, Charles-Francois 1817-1878
del Campo, Federico 1837-1927
Durrie, George Henry 1820-1863
Friedrich, Caspar David 1774-1840
Gagnon, Clarence 1881-1942
Gifford, Sanford Robinson 1823-1880
Gignoux, Regis-Francois 1816-1882
Gogh, Vincent van 1853-1890
Goyen, Jan van 1596-1656
Guardi, Francesco 1712-1793
Hackert, Jacob Philippe 1737-1807
Hart, James McDougal 1828-1901
Heade, Martin Johnson 1819-1904
Hobbema, Meindert 1638-1709
Homer, Winslow 1836-1910
Inness, George 1825-1894
Jones, Hugh Bolton 1848-1927
Jongkind, Johann 1819-1891
Kensett, John Frederick 1816-1872
Leader, Benjamin Williams 1831-1923
Lepine, Stanislas 1835-1892
Levitan, Isaac Ilyich 1860-1900
MacDonald, James Edward Hervey 1873-1932
Michel, Georges 1763-1843
Monet, Claude 1840-1926
Moran, Thomas 1837-1926
Morrice, James Wilson 1865-1924
Pissarro, Camille Jacob 1830-1903
Reinhold, Heinrich 1788-1825
Richards, William Trost 1833-1905
Rico y Ortega, Martin 1833-1908
Rombouts, Gillis 1630-c.1678
Rousseau, Theodore 1812-1867
Ruisdael, Jacob van c.1628-1682
Salmon, Robert c.1775-c.1845
Savrasov, Alexey Kondratyevich 1830-1897
Shishkin, Ivan Ivanovich 1832-1898
Sisley, Alfred 1839-1899
Sonntag, William Louis 1822-1900
Thomson, Tom 1877-1917
Turner, Joseph Mallord William 1775-1851
Twachtman, John Henry 1853-1902
Unterberger, Franz Richard 1838-1902
Velde, the Younger, Willem van de 1633-1707
Vermeulen, Andries 1763-1814
Volpe, Alessandro la 1819/1887
Vries, Roelof van 1631-1681
Whittredge, Thomas Worthington 1820-1910
Wieringen, Cornelis Claesz van c.1580-1633
Wolf, Caspar 1735-1783
Wyant, Alexander Helwig 1836-1892
Ziem, Felix 1821-1911
Zuccarelli, Francesco 1702-1788
Landscape Paintings - Art History Information

Idealized landscapes were common subjects for fresco decoration in Roman villas. Landscape painting (as exemplified by a Chinese landscape scroll by Ku K'ai-chih dating from the 4th century) was an established tradition in the Far East, where themes such as the seasons and the elements held a spiritual significance.

In Europe, imaginary landscapes decorated 15th-century Books of Hours. The first naturalistic landscapes were painted by Durer and Bruegel. Landscapes appeared in most Renaissance paintings, however, only as settings to portraits and figure compositions.

It was not until the 17th-century Dutch and Flemish schools of Rembrandt, Jacob van Ruisdael, Meindert Hobbema, Aelbert Cuyp, Rubens and Hercules Seghers - that they were accepted in the West as independent subjects.

The most significant developments in 19th-century painting, however, were made through the landscapes of the Impressionists and the Post-Impressionists. Styles in landscape painting range from the tranquil, classically idealized world of Poussin and Claude, the precise, canal topography of Francesco Guardi and Canaletto and the structural analyses of Cezanne to the poetic romanticism of Samuel Palmer and the later Constable's and Turner's and the exultant pantheism of Rubens and Van Gogh.

Modern landscapes vary in approach from the Expressionism of Oskar Kokoschka's cities and rivers, Maurice de Vlaminck's wintry countrysides, and John Marin's crystalline seascapes to the metaphysical country of Ernst, Dali, and Rene Magritte.