Arnold Bocklin Biography1827-1901
Swiss Symbolist Painter
He studied at Dusseldorf where he became a friend of Ludwig Andreas Feuerbach. Originally a landscape painter, his travels through Brussels, Zurich, Geneva and Rome, exposed him to classical and Renaissance art, and the Mediterranean landscape. These new influences brought allegorical and mythological figures into his compositions. In 1866 he resided at Bale, in 1871 in Munich, in 1885 in Hottingen (Switzerland) and at the end of his life in Fiesole.
Influenced by Romanticism his painting is symbolist within the Art Nouveau style. His pictures portray mythological, fantastical figures along classical architecture constructions (revealing often an obsession with death) creating a strange, fantasy world.
Bocklin is best known for his five versions of The Isle of the Dead, which partly evokes the English Cemetery, Florence, close to his studio and where his baby daughter Maria had been buried.
Bocklin exercised an influence on Surrealist painters like Max Ernst and Salvador Dali, and on Giorgio de Chirico.
Otto Weisert designed an Art Nouveau typeface in 1904 and named it 'Arnold Bocklin' in his honor. The design uses tendrils hanging from many of the capital letters and across the top of the minuscule letters v through y.
The Bocklin typeface was later appropriated by the hippy movement and its influence can also be seen in the work of Seventies illustrators such as Roger Dean. The Stuckist artist Paul Harvey has also used the typeface in his work.
Bocklin's paintings, especially The Isle of the Dead, inspired several late-Romantic composers. Rachmaninov and Heinrich Schulz-Beuthen both composed symphonic poems after it, and in 1913 Max Reger composed a set of Four Tone Poems after Bocklin of which the third movement is The Isle of the Dead (The others are The Hermit playing the Violin, At play in the waves and Bacchanal).