Pompeo Girolamo Batoni Painting Reproductions Gallery 1 of 31708-1787
Italian Rococo Painter
Pompeo Girolamo Batoni was born in Lucca, the son of a goldsmith.
He established himself in Rome in 1727 or 1728 to study the ancien sculpture. A pupil of Sebastiano Conca, he was however described as mainly a self-taught. His first works being mainly copies of works by Raphael and Annibale Carracci. In the early 1740s, however, he started to receive more prestige commissions, including the famous Fall of Simon Magus for the St. Peter's Basilica (now in Santa Maria degli Angeli). The Ecstasis of St. Catherine of Siena, now in the National Museum of Lucca, is from 1743.
Batoni became the most fashionable painter in the city, particularly after his most serious rival - Anton Raphael Mengs - departed for Spain in 1761. Batoni befriended Winckelmann and, like him, preferred Raphael and Poussin to the Venetian artists then in vogue.
His studio was frequented by foreigners, especially Britons, who would commission standing portraits in the milieu of antiquities, ruins, and objets d'art. Such "Grand Tourist" portraits by Batoni came to proliferate in the British private collections, thus ensuring the genre's popularity in the United Kingdom, where Sir Joshua Reynolds would become its leading practitioner.
In 1769 the double portrait of Joseph II and Leopold II won an Austrian nobility for Batoni. He also portrayed Pope Pius VI. According to a legend, he bequeathed his palette and brushes to Jacques-Louis David.
He died in Rome in 1787.
59 Paintings of Pompeo Batoni
Hercules at the Crossroads
Venus Presenting Aeneas with Armour Forged by Vulcan
The Return of the Prodigal Son
Pope Pius VI
The Virgin Annunciate
Purity of Heart
Portrait of William Henry, Duke of Gloucester
10th Earl of Pembroke
Portrait of Sir Thomas Gascoigne, 8th Baronet
Charles Compton, 7th Earl of Northampton
Susanna and the Elders
Portrait of David Garrick
Portrait of John Monck
Portrait of a Woman (identified as Margaret ...
Sir William FitzHerbert, Gentleman-Usher to King ...
Pierre de Suffren-Saint-Tropez, Vice Admiral of France
God the Father
Portrait of George James, 1st Marquess of Cholmondeley
Peace and War