Portrait of Sir Edward Burne-Jones

Sir Edward Burne-Jones Painting Reproductions 5 of 5

1833-1898

English Pre-Raphaelite Painter

Sir Edward Coley Burne-Jones (28 August 1833 - 17 June 1898) was an English artist and designer closely associated with the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, and largely responsible for bringing the Pre-Raphaelites into the mainstream of the British art world, while at the same time executing some of the most exquisite and beautiful artwork of the time.

Burne-Jones was born in Birmingham, the son of a frame-maker at Bennetts Hill, where a blue plaque commemorates his birth. His mother died within six days of his being born, and he was raised by his father and an unsympathetic housekeeper. He attended Birmingham's King Edward VI grammar school, and then studied theology at Exeter College, Oxford. At Oxford he became a friend of William Morris as a consequence of a mutual interest in poetry, and was influenced by John Ruskin. At this time he discovered Thomas Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur which was to be so influential in his life.

He studied under Rossetti, but developed his own style influenced by his travels in Italy with Ruskin and others. He had intended to become a church minister, but under Morris's influence decided to become an artist and designer instead. After Oxford, from which he did not take a degree, he became closely involved in the rejuvenation of the tradition of stained glass art in England - his stained glass works include the windows of the Philip Webb-designed St Martin's Church in Brampton, Cumbria.

In 1856 Burne-Jones became engaged to Georgiana MacDonald (1840a€“1920), one of the MacDonald sisters. She was training to be a painter, and was the sister of Burne-Jones's old school friend. The couple married in 1860, after which she made her own work in woodcuts and became a close friend of George Eliot. (Another MacDonald sister married the artist Sir Edward Poynter, a further sister married the ironmaster Alfred Baldwin and was the mother of the Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin, and yet another sister was the mother of Rudyard Kipling. Kipling and Baldwin were thus Burne-Jones's nephews).

In 1867 Burne-Jones and his wife settled in Fulham, London. Morris later fell in love with Georgiana, but she rejected him. For much of the 1870s Burne-Jones did not exhibit, following a spate of bitterly hostile attacks in the press, and an affair with his Greek model Maria Zambaco which ended with her trying to commit suicide in public.

In 1877, he was persuaded to show eight oil paintings at the Grosvenor Gallery (a new rival to the Royal Academy). These included The Beguiling of Merlin. The timing was right, and he was taken up as a herald and star of the new Aesthetic Movement.

As well as painting, he also worked in a variety of crafts; including designing ceramic tiles, jewellery, tapestries, book illustration (the Kelmscott Press's Chaucer in 1896), and stage costumes.

In 1880 the Burne-Joneses bought Prospect House in Rottingdean, near Brighton in Sussex, as their holiday home, and soon after the next door Aubrey Cottage to create North End House, reflecting the fact that their Fulham home was in North End Road. (Years later, in 1923, Sir Roderick Jones, head of Reuters, and his wife, playwright and novelist Enid Bagnold, were to add the adjacent Gothic House to the property and which became the inspiration and setting for her play The Chalk Garden).

In 1881 he received an honorary degree from Oxford, and was made an Honorary Fellow in 1883. In 1885 he became the President of the Birmingham Society of Artists. In 1894 he was knighted. Devastated by the death of his friend Morris in 1896, Burne-Jones' health declined substantially until his death on 17 June 1898. Six days later, at the intervention of the Prince of Wales, a memorial service was held at Westminster Abbey. It was the first time an artist had been so honoured. Burne-Jones was buried in Rottingdean churchyard, near Brighton, a place he knew through summer family holidays. Long out-of-fashion in the art world, due to Modernist art and Abstract Expressionism, it was not until the mid 1970s that his work began to be re-assessed and once again acclaimed.

Burne-Jones exerted a considerable influence on British painting, as detailed in the large exhibition in 1989 at the Barbican Art Gallery, London. Burne-Jones was also highly influential among French symbolist painters, from 1889. His work also inspired poetry by Swinburne - Swinburne's 1886 Poems & Ballads is dedicated to Burne-Jones.

His troubled son Philip (1861a€“1926) became a successful portrait painter. His adored daughter Margaret (1866a€“1953) married John William Mackail (1850a€“1945); friend and biographer of Morris, and Professor of Poetry at Oxford from 1911a€“1916.

Burne-Jones' studio assistant, Charles Fairfax Murray, went on to a successful art career as a painter in his own right. He later became an important collector and respected art dealer. Between 1903 and 1907 he sold a great many works by Burne-Jones and the Pre-Raphaelites to Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery, at far below their market worth. Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery now has the largest collection of works by Burne-Jones in the world, including the massive watercolour Star of Bethlehem, commissioned for the Gallery in 1897. The paintings are believed by some to have influenced the young J.R.R. Tolkien, then growing up in Birmingham.

Burne-Jones was a very strong influence on the Birmingham Group of artists, from the 1890s onwards.

116 Burne-Jones Paintings

Autumn, c.1869/70 by Burne-Jones | Painting Reproduction

Autumn c.1869/70

Oil Painting
$1297
Canvas Print
$49.05
SKU: BJS-6552
Sir Edward Burne-Jones
Original Size: 122.5 x 45 cm
Private Collection

The Lament, 1866 by Burne-Jones | Painting Reproduction

The Lament 1866

Oil Painting
$1650
Canvas Print
$65.00
SKU: BJS-6553
Sir Edward Burne-Jones
Original Size: unknown
Private Collection

Three Trumpeting Angels, n.d. by Burne-Jones | Painting Reproduction

Three Trumpeting Angels n.d.

Canvas Print
$50.88
SKU: BJS-6554
Sir Edward Burne-Jones
Original Size: unknown
Private Collection

Portrait of Katie Lewis, 1886 by Burne-Jones | Painting Reproduction

Portrait of Katie Lewis 1886

Oil Painting
$1566
Canvas Print
$49.05
SKU: BJS-6555
Sir Edward Burne-Jones
Original Size: 61 x 127 cm
Private Collection

Green Summer, 1864 by Burne-Jones | Painting Reproduction

Green Summer 1864

Oil Painting
$1231
Canvas Print
$49.05
SKU: BJS-6556
Sir Edward Burne-Jones
Original Size: 29 x 48.5 cm
Private Collection

Cupid and Psyche, c.1865 by Burne-Jones | Painting Reproduction

Cupid and Psyche c.1865

Oil Painting
$1455
Canvas Print
$51.08
SKU: BJS-6557
Sir Edward Burne-Jones
Original Size: 70.3 x 48.3 cm
Yale Center for British Art, Connecticut, USA

Study of a Girl's Head, 1875 by Burne-Jones | Painting Reproduction

Study of a Girl's Head 1875

Paper Art Print
$46.71
SKU: BJS-6558
Sir Edward Burne-Jones
Original Size: unknown
Private Collection

Girl with Book with Roses Behind, n.d. by Burne-Jones | Painting Reproduction

Girl with Book with Roses Behind n.d.

Oil Painting
$1412
Canvas Print
$69.10
SKU: BJS-6559
Sir Edward Burne-Jones
Original Size: unknown
Private Collection

Dedication Window, n.d. by Burne-Jones | Painting Reproduction

Dedication Window n.d.

Canvas Print
$60.10
SKU: BJS-6560
Sir Edward Burne-Jones
Original Size: unknown
Private Collection

Sidonia von Bork, 1860 by Burne-Jones | Painting Reproduction

Sidonia von Bork 1860

Oil Painting
$1256
Canvas Print
$49.05
SKU: BJS-6561
Sir Edward Burne-Jones
Original Size: 33.3 x 17.1 cm
Tate Gallery, London, United Kingdom

The Golden Stairs, 1880 by Burne-Jones | Painting Reproduction

The Golden Stairs 1880

Oil Painting
$7114
Canvas Print
$49.05
SKU: BJS-6562
Sir Edward Burne-Jones
Original Size: 269.2 x 116.8 cm
Tate Gallery, London, United Kingdom

Vespertina Quies, 1893 by Burne-Jones | Painting Reproduction

Vespertina Quies 1893

Oil Painting
$1388
Canvas Print
$52.61
SKU: BJS-6563
Sir Edward Burne-Jones
Original Size: 107.9 x 62.2 cm
Tate Gallery, London, United Kingdom

Love and the Pilgrim, c.1896/97 by Burne-Jones | Painting Reproduction

Love and the Pilgrim c.1896/97

Oil Painting
$2026
Canvas Print
$49.05
SKU: BJS-6564
Sir Edward Burne-Jones
Original Size: 157.5 x 304.8 cm
Tate Gallery, London, United Kingdom

The Wedding of Psyche, c.1894/95 by Burne-Jones | Painting Reproduction

The Wedding of Psyche c.1894/95

Oil Painting
$3997
Canvas Print
$52.16
SKU: BJS-6565
Sir Edward Burne-Jones
Original Size: 122 x 213.4 cm
Royal Museums of Fine Arts, Brussels, Belgium

The Heart Desires, c.1875/78 by Burne-Jones | Painting Reproduction

The Heart Desires c.1875/78

Oil Painting
$1893
Canvas Print
$55.95
SKU: BJS-6566
Sir Edward Burne-Jones
Original Size: 99 x 76.3 cm
Museum and Art Gallery, Birmingham, United Kingdom

The Hand Refrains, c.1875/78 by Burne-Jones | Painting Reproduction

The Hand Refrains c.1875/78

Oil Painting
$1893
Canvas Print
$57.57
SKU: BJS-6567
Sir Edward Burne-Jones
Original Size: 99 x 76.3 cm
Museum and Art Gallery, Birmingham, United Kingdom

The Doom Fulfilled, c.1884/85 by Burne-Jones | Painting Reproduction

The Doom Fulfilled c.1884/85

Oil Painting
$1657
SKU: BJS-6568
Sir Edward Burne-Jones
Original Size: 138.4 x 153.8 cm
City Art Gallery, Southampton, United Kingdom

Angel Playing a Flageolet, 1878 by Burne-Jones | Painting Reproduction

Angel Playing a Flageolet 1878

Oil Painting
$1521
Canvas Print
$112.64
SKU: BJS-6569
Sir Edward Burne-Jones
Original Size: 74.9 x 61.2 cm
Sudley House, Liverpool, United Kingdom

I Rose Up in the Silent Night: I made my Dagger Sharp and Bright, c.1859/60 by Burne-Jones | Painting Reproduction

I Rose Up in the Silent Night: I made my Dagger ... c.1859/60

Paper Art Print
$46.71
SKU: BJS-6570
Sir Edward Burne-Jones
Original Size: 12.7 x 14.6 cm
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Pennsylvania, USA

The Love Song, c.1868/77 by Burne-Jones | Painting Reproduction

The Love Song c.1868/77

Oil Painting
$285
Canvas Print
$54.32
SKU: BJS-8507
Sir Edward Burne-Jones
Original Size: 114.3 x 155.9 cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA

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