Portrait of Giovanni Antonio Canal Canaletto

Giovanni Antonio Canal Canaletto Painting Reproductions Gallery 1 of 13

1697-1768

Italian Baroque/Rococo Painter

Giovanni Antonio Canal (Venice, Republic of Venice, October 28, 1697 - April 19, 1768), better known as Canaletto, was a Venetian artist famous for his landscapes, or vedute of Venice. He was also a significant printmaker in etching.

Early career
He was a son of the painter Bernardo Canal, hence his nickname Canaletto. His nephew Bernardo Bellotto was also a landscape painter; he sometimes used the name of Canaletto to further his own career.

Canaletto was born in Venice on October 28, 1697 to Bernardo and Artemisia Barbieri, and served his apprenticeship with his father and his brother. He began in his father's occupation, that of a theatrical scene painter. Canaletto was inspired by the Roman vedutista Giovanni Paolo Pannini, and started painting the daily life of the city and its people.

After returning from Rome in 1719, he began painting in his famous topographical style. His first known signed and dated work is Architectural Capriccio (1723, Milan, in a private collection). While he studied with the older Luca Carlevaris, a moderately talented painter of urban cityscapes, he rapidly became his master's equal.

In 1725, the painter Alessandro Marchesini, who was also the buyer for the Lucchese art collector Stefano Conti had inquired about buying two more views of Venice, when the agent informed him to consider instead the work of "Antonio Canale... it is like Carlevaris, but you can see the sun shining in it."

Much of Canaletto's early artwork was painted 'from nature', differing from the then customary practice of completing paintings in the studio. Some of his later works do revert to this custom, as suggested by the tendency of distant figures to be painted as blobs of colour - an effect produced by using a camera obscura, which blurs farther-away objects.

However, his paintings are always notable for their accuracy: he recorded the seasonal submerging of Venice in water and ice.

Canaletto's early works remain his most coveted and, according to many authorities, his best. One of his finest early pieces is The Stonemason's Yard (1729, London, the National Gallery) which depicts a humble working area of the city.

Later Canaletto became known for his grand scenes of the canals of Venice and the Doge's Palace. His large-scale landscapes portrayed the city's famed pageantry and waning traditions, making innovative use of atmospheric effects and strong local colors. For these qualities, his works may be said to have anticipated Impressionism.

Work in England
Many of his pictures were sold to Englishmen on their Grand Tour, most notably the merchant Joseph Smith (who was later appointed British Consul in Venice in 1744).

It was Smith who acted as an agent for Canaletto, first in requesting paintings of Venice from the painter in the early 1720s and helping him to sell his paintings to other Englishmen.

In the 1740s Canaletto's market was disrupted when the War of the Austrian Succession led to a reduction in the number of British visitors to Venice. Smith also arranged for the publication of a series of etchings of caprichos (capriccio Italian for fancy), but the returns were not high enough, and in 1746 Canaletto moved to London, to be closer to his market.

He remained in England until 1755, producing views of London (including the new Westminster Bridge) and of his patrons' castles and houses. His 1754 painting of Old Walton Bridge includes an image of Canaletto himself.

He was often expected to paint England in the fashion with which he had painted his native city. Overall this period was not satisfactory, owing mostly to the declining quality of Canaletto's work. Canaletto's painting began to suffer from repetitiveness, losing its fluidity, and becoming mechanical to the point that the English art critic George Vertue suggested that the man painting under the name 'Canaletto' was an impostor.

The artist was compelled to give public painting demonstrations in order to refute this claim; however, his reputation never fully recovered in his lifetime.

After his return to Venice, Canaletto was elected to the Venetian Academy in 1763. He continued to paint until his death in 1768. In his later years he often worked from old sketches, but he sometimes produced surprising new compositions. He was willing to make subtle alternations to topography for artistic effect.

Popularity
His pupils included his nephew Bernardo Bellotto, Francesco Guardi, Michele Marieschi, Gabriele Bella, Giuseppe Moretti, and Giuseppe Bernardino Bison.

Joseph Smith sold much of his collection to George III, creating the bulk of the large collection of Canalettos owned by the Royal Collection. There are many examples of his work in other British collections, including several at the Wallace Collection and a set of 24 in the dining room at Woburn Abbey.

Canaletto's views always fetched high prices, and as early as the 18th century Catherine the Great and other European monarchs vied for his grandest paintings. The record price paid at auction for a Canaletto is £18.6 million for View of the Grand Canal from Palazzo Balbi to the Rialto, set at Sotheby's in London in July 2005.

307 Canaletto Paintings

View of Grand Canal from San Vio, Venice, c.1723/24 by Canaletto | Painting Reproduction

View of Grand Canal from San Vio, Venice c.1723/24

Oil Painting
$4110
Canvas Print
$50.74
SKU: CAN-558
Giovanni Antonio Canal Canaletto
Original Size: 140.5 x 204.5 cm
Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, Madrid, Spain

Grand Canal From the Palazzo Balbi, 1724 by Canaletto | Painting Reproduction

Grand Canal From the Palazzo Balbi 1724

Oil Painting
$3759
Canvas Print
$51.82
SKU: CAN-559
Giovanni Antonio Canal Canaletto
Original Size: unknown
Palazzo Ca' Rezzonico, Venice, Italy

Rio dei Mendicanti, c.1720/25 by Canaletto | Painting Reproduction

Rio dei Mendicanti c.1720/25

Oil Painting
$3980
Canvas Print
$64.14
SKU: CAN-560
Giovanni Antonio Canal Canaletto
Original Size: 143 x 200 cm
Palazzo Ca' Rezzonico, Venice, Italy

Piazza San Marco With the Cathedral, c.1730/35 by Canaletto | Painting Reproduction

Piazza San Marco With the Cathedral c.1730/35

Oil Painting
$7133
Canvas Print
$48.59
SKU: CAN-561
Giovanni Antonio Canal Canaletto
Original Size: 76.2 x 118.7 cm
Fogg Art Museum at Harvard University, Massachusetts, USA

The Stonemason's Yard, c.1725/26 by Canaletto | Painting Reproduction

The Stonemason's Yard c.1725/26

Oil Painting
$3629
Canvas Print
$68.90
SKU: CAN-562
Giovanni Antonio Canal Canaletto
Original Size: 123.8 x 162.9 cm
National Gallery, London, United Kingdom

A View of Dolo on the Brenta Canal, c.1727/40 by Canaletto | Painting Reproduction

A View of Dolo on the Brenta Canal c.1727/40

Oil Painting
$2959
Canvas Print
$58.51
SKU: CAN-563
Giovanni Antonio Canal Canaletto
Original Size: 63 x 96 cm
Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, United Kingdom

Fonteghetto della Farina, c.1727/29 by Canaletto | Painting Reproduction

Fonteghetto della Farina c.1727/29

Oil Painting
$2869
Canvas Print
$48.59
SKU: CAN-564
Giovanni Antonio Canal Canaletto
Original Size: unknown
Giustiniani Recanati Collection, Venice, Italy

Piazzetta Towards the Torre dell'Orologio, 1730 by Canaletto | Painting Reproduction

Piazzetta Towards the Torre dell'Orologio 1730

Oil Painting
$2931
Canvas Print
$49.41
SKU: CAN-565
Giovanni Antonio Canal Canaletto
Original Size: 172.1 x 134.9 cm
The Royal Collection, London, United Kingdom

Campo Santa Maria Formosa, 1730 by Canaletto | Painting Reproduction

Campo Santa Maria Formosa 1730

Oil Painting
$2899
Canvas Print
$48.59
SKU: CAN-566
Giovanni Antonio Canal Canaletto
Original Size: 47 x 80 cm
Private Collection

Campo San Rocco, a.1730 by Canaletto | Painting Reproduction

Campo San Rocco a.1730

Oil Painting
$2869
Canvas Print
$48.59
SKU: CAN-567
Giovanni Antonio Canal Canaletto
Original Size: 47 x 80 cm
Private Collection

Campo Santi Apostoli, c.1735/40 by Canaletto | Painting Reproduction

Campo Santi Apostoli c.1735/40

Oil Painting
$2869
Canvas Print
$48.59
SKU: CAN-568
Giovanni Antonio Canal Canaletto
Original Size: 45 x 77.5 cm
Private Collection

Grand Canal Near the Campo San Vio, c.1730 by Canaletto | Painting Reproduction

Grand Canal Near the Campo San Vio c.1730

Oil Painting
$3128
Canvas Print
$48.59
SKU: CAN-569
Giovanni Antonio Canal Canaletto
Original Size: 50 x 70 cm
Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan, Italy

Grand Canal from the Palazzo Balbi, 1735 by Canaletto | Painting Reproduction

Grand Canal from the Palazzo Balbi 1735

Oil Painting
$2780
Canvas Print
$48.59
SKU: CAN-570
Giovanni Antonio Canal Canaletto
Original Size: 45 x 73 cm
Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence, Italy

Molo with the Library, Looking Towards the Zecca, b.1740 by Canaletto | Painting Reproduction

Molo with the Library, Looking Towards the Zecca b.1740

Oil Painting
$4597
Canvas Print
$48.59
SKU: CAN-571
Giovanni Antonio Canal Canaletto
Original Size: 110.5 x 185.5 cm
Private Collection

Grand Canal Near Palazzo Bembo & Palazzo Vendramin, a.1730 by Canaletto | Painting Reproduction

Grand Canal Near Palazzo Bembo & Palazzo Vendramin a.1730

Oil Painting
$2959
Canvas Print
$48.59
SKU: CAN-572
Giovanni Antonio Canal Canaletto
Original Size: 47 x 80 cm
Private Collection

Piazzetta and the Doge's Palace, c.1735/40 by Canaletto | Painting Reproduction

Piazzetta and the Doge's Palace c.1735/40

Oil Painting
$3028
Canvas Print
$48.59
SKU: CAN-573
Giovanni Antonio Canal Canaletto
Original Size: 47 x 80 cm
Private Collection

Entrance to the Arsenal, c.1732 by Canaletto | Painting Reproduction

Entrance to the Arsenal c.1732

Oil Painting
$2802
Canvas Print
$48.59
SKU: CAN-574
Giovanni Antonio Canal Canaletto
Original Size: 47 x 78.8 cm
Private Collection

Piazza San Marco, Looking Towards San Geminiano, c.1735/40 by Canaletto | Painting Reproduction

Piazza San Marco, Looking Towards San Geminiano c.1735/40

Oil Painting
$3214
Canvas Print
$48.59
SKU: CAN-575
Giovanni Antonio Canal Canaletto
Original Size: 68.5 x 93.5 cm
Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna, Rome, Italy

Piazza di San Marco, c.1735/40 by Canaletto | Painting Reproduction

Piazza di San Marco c.1735/40

Oil Painting
$3791
Canvas Print
$54.49
SKU: CAN-576
Giovanni Antonio Canal Canaletto
Original Size: 114.6 x 153 cm
National Gallery of Art, Washington, USA

The Doge's Palace with the Piazza di San Marco, 1735 by Canaletto | Painting Reproduction

The Doge's Palace with the Piazza di San Marco 1735

Oil Painting
$3443
Canvas Print
$48.59
SKU: CAN-577
Giovanni Antonio Canal Canaletto
Original Size: 51 x 83 cm
Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence, Italy

Landscape with Ruins, 1740 by Canaletto | Painting Reproduction

Landscape with Ruins 1740

Oil Painting
$1358
Canvas Print
$48.59
SKU: CAN-578
Giovanni Antonio Canal Canaletto
Original Size: 87.5 x 120.5 cm
Palazzo Vecchio (Museo Ragazzi), Florence, Italy

Landscape with Ruins, 1740 by Canaletto | Painting Reproduction

Landscape with Ruins 1740

Oil Painting
$2802
Canvas Print
$48.59
SKU: CAN-579
Giovanni Antonio Canal Canaletto
Original Size: 116 x 166 cm
Palazzo Vecchio (Museo Ragazzi), Florence, Italy

Capriccio of the Grand Canal with an Imaginary Rialto Bridge, 1744 by Canaletto | Painting Reproduction

Capriccio of the Grand Canal with an Imaginary ... 1744

Oil Painting
$3923
Canvas Print
$48.59
SKU: CAN-580
Giovanni Antonio Canal Canaletto
Original Size: 60 x 82 cm
Galleria Nationale, Parma, Italy

Venice: Caprice view of the Piazzetta with the Horses of St. Marco, c.1743 by Canaletto | Painting Reproduction

Venice: Caprice view of the Piazzetta with the ... c.1743

Oil Painting
$3214
Canvas Print
$52.51
SKU: CAN-581
Giovanni Antonio Canal Canaletto
Original Size: 108 x 128.9 cm
The Royal Collection, London, United Kingdom

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