Portrait of Vilhelm Hammershoi

Vilhelm Hammershoi Painting Reproductions 2 of 3

1864-1916

Danish Symbolist Painter

Vilhelm Hammershoi (15 May 1864 - 13 February 1916), was a Danish painter. He is known for his poetic, low-key portraits and interiors. In 1997, Denmark issued a postage stamp in his honor.

Vilhelm Hammershoi was born in 1864 in Copenhagen, Denmark. The son of a well-to-do merchant, Christian Hammershoi, and his wife, Frederikke (nee Rentzmann), Hammershoi studied drawing from the age of eight with Niels Christian Kierkegaard and Holger Gronvold, as well as painting with Vilhelm Kyhn, before embarking on studies with Frederik Vermehren and others at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts. From 1883 to 1885, he studied with Peder Severin Kroyer at the Independent Study Schools, then debuted in the Charlottenborg Exhibition in the spring of 1885 with Portrait of a Young Girl (his sister, Anna; Pierre Auguste Renoir is reported to have admired this painting). Hammershoi married Ida Ilsted in 1891.

Artistic career
Hammershoi worked mainly in his native city, painting portraits, architecture, and interiors. He also journeyed to the surrounding countryside and locations beyond, where he painted rolling hills, stands of trees, farm houses, and other landscapes. He is most celebrated for his interiors, many of which he painted in Copenhagen at Strandgade 30 (where he lived with his wife from 1898 to 1909, and Strandgade 25 (where they lived from 1913 to 1916). He travelled widely in Europe, finding London especially atmospheric in providing locations for his highly understated work, suffused as it was at the time with a foggy, coal smoke polluted atmosphere. His work in consequence has been described as "Monet meets the Camden School".

Hammershoi's wife figures in many of his interiors, often depicted from behind. Ida is also the model in many similar works by her brother, Peter Ilsted. Peter and Vilhelm were lifelong friends, business partners, and colleagues. The Metropolitan Museum of Art held an exhibition of their collective works in 2001, and there was an exhibition of his works in 2008 at the Royal Academy of London.

Technique
Hammershoi's paintings are best described as muted in tone. He refrained from employing bright colors (except in his very early academic works), opting always for a limited palette consisting of grays, as well as desaturated yellows, greens, and other dark hues. His tableaux of figures turned away from the viewer project an air of slight tension and mystery, while his exteriors of grand buildings in Copenhagen and in London (he painted two exteriors of the British Museum between 1905 and 1906) are devoid of people, a quality they share with his landscapes.

Critical acclaim
Hammershoi's early works, with their simplicity and recording of the "banality of everyday life", enjoyed critical acclaim. He was sought out by artists and literary figures of the time, among them Emil Nolde and Rainer Maria Rilke, who both remarked on his retiring manner and reluctance to talk. After a trip to Paris, his work became overly detailed. According to art critic Souren Melikian, his "painterly skill remained but the magic was lost."

Hammershoi’s melancholic vision has now regained its place in the public consciousness. He is now one of the best-known artists in Scandinavia, and comprehensive retrospectives of his work have been organized by the Musee d'Orsay in Paris and the Guggenheim Museum in New York. In 2008, the Royal Academy of London hosted the first major exhibition in Britain of Hammershoi’s work, Vilhelm Hammershoi: The Poetry of Silence.

51 Hammershoi Paintings

Old Woman, Seated, 1886 by Hammershoi | Painting Reproduction

Old Woman, Seated 1886

Oil Painting
$676
Canvas Print
$50.00
SKU: HAV-10224
Vilhelm Hammershoi
Original Size: unknown
Private Collection

Interior with Plants on Cardtable, c.1910/11 by Hammershoi | Painting Reproduction

Interior with Plants on Cardtable c.1910/11

Oil Painting
$643
Canvas Print
$50.00
SKU: HAV-10225
Vilhelm Hammershoi
Original Size: unknown
Malmo Art Museum, Suecia, Sweden

Interior. Living Room with Piano and Woman Dressed in Black, 1901 by Hammershoi | Painting Reproduction

Interior. Living Room with Piano and Woman ... 1901

Oil Painting
$1002
Canvas Print
$63.10
SKU: HAV-10226
Vilhelm Hammershoi
Original Size: 63 x 52.5 cm
Ordrupgaard, Copenhagen, Denmark

View of the Old Asiatic Company (The Asiatic Company Buildings), 1902 by Hammershoi | Painting Reproduction

View of the Old Asiatic Company (The Asiatic ... 1902

Oil Painting
$1065
Canvas Print
$50.00
SKU: HAV-10227
Vilhelm Hammershoi
Original Size: 158 x 166 cm
Ordrupgaard, Copenhagen, Denmark

Interior with Punch Bowl, 1904 by Hammershoi | Painting Reproduction

Interior with Punch Bowl 1904

Oil Painting
$825
SKU: HAV-10228
Vilhelm Hammershoi
Original Size: unknown
Private Collection

Young Girl Sewing, 1887 by Hammershoi | Painting Reproduction

Young Girl Sewing 1887

Oil Painting
$784
Canvas Print
$50.00
SKU: HAV-10229
Vilhelm Hammershoi
Original Size: 36 x 33.7 cm
Ordrupgaard, Copenhagen, Denmark

Sunshine in the Living Room I, 1903 by Hammershoi | Painting Reproduction

Sunshine in the Living Room I 1903

Oil Painting
$941
Canvas Print
$50.00
SKU: HAV-10230
Vilhelm Hammershoi
Original Size: unknown
Private Collection

Sunshine in the Living Room III, 1903 by Hammershoi | Painting Reproduction

Sunshine in the Living Room III 1903

Oil Painting
$866
Canvas Print
$60.90
SKU: HAV-10231
Vilhelm Hammershoi
Original Size: 54 x 66 cm
National Museum, Stockholm, Sweden

Forest Interior (The Big Trees), 1896 by Hammershoi | Painting Reproduction

Forest Interior (The Big Trees) 1896

Oil Painting
$865
Canvas Print
$52.66
SKU: HAV-10232
Vilhelm Hammershoi
Original Size: unknown
Private Collection

In the Bedroom, n.d. by Hammershoi | Painting Reproduction

In the Bedroom n.d.

Oil Painting
$831
Canvas Print
$52.13
SKU: HAV-10233
Vilhelm Hammershoi
Original Size: unknown
Private Collection

Young Woman in an Interior, 1900 by Hammershoi | Painting Reproduction

Young Woman in an Interior 1900

Oil Painting
$945
Canvas Print
$56.51
SKU: HAV-14091
Vilhelm Hammershoi
Original Size: 47 x 48 cm
Private Collection

Unge Ege (Young Oak Trees), 1907 by Hammershoi | Painting Reproduction

Unge Ege (Young Oak Trees) 1907

Oil Painting
$676
Canvas Print
$54.70
SKU: HAV-14596
Vilhelm Hammershoi
Original Size: 55.5 x 77 cm
Private Collection

Interior with Ida in a White Chair, 1900 by Hammershoi | Painting Reproduction

Interior with Ida in a White Chair 1900

Oil Painting
$850
Canvas Print
$64.07
SKU: HAV-15469
Vilhelm Hammershoi
Original Size: 57 x 49 cm
Private Collection

Interior with Two Candles, 1904 by Hammershoi | Painting Reproduction

Interior with Two Candles 1904

Oil Painting
$877
Canvas Print
$59.24
SKU: HAV-15470
Vilhelm Hammershoi
Original Size: 67.5 x 54 cm
Private Collection

Ida Standing at a Desk, 1900 by Hammershoi | Painting Reproduction

Ida Standing at a Desk 1900

Oil Painting
$811
Canvas Print
$50.00
SKU: HAV-15471
Vilhelm Hammershoi
Original Size: 41 x 35 cm
Private Collection

Interior, 1890 by Hammershoi | Painting Reproduction

Interior 1890

Oil Painting
$736
Canvas Print
$50.33
SKU: HAV-15472
Vilhelm Hammershoi
Original Size: 49 x 41 cm
Private Collection

Ida in an Interior with Piano, 1901 by Hammershoi | Painting Reproduction

Ida in an Interior with Piano 1901

Oil Painting
$991
Canvas Print
$68.47
SKU: HAV-15473
Vilhelm Hammershoi
Original Size: 60 x 55 cm
Private Collection

Strandgade with Christians Kirke in the Background, c.1907/08 by Hammershoi | Painting Reproduction

Strandgade with Christians Kirke in the Background c.1907/08

Oil Painting
$985
Canvas Print
$57.45
SKU: HAV-15474
Vilhelm Hammershoi
Original Size: 61 x 79 cm
Private Collection

Ida in an Interior, 1904 by Hammershoi | Painting Reproduction

Ida in an Interior 1904

Oil Painting
$783
Canvas Print
$50.00
SKU: HAV-15475
Vilhelm Hammershoi
Original Size: 39 x 30 cm
Private Collection

Interior with a Windsor Chair, 1913 by Hammershoi | Painting Reproduction

Interior with a Windsor Chair 1913

Oil Painting
$801
Canvas Print
$56.76
SKU: HAV-17347
Vilhelm Hammershoi
Original Size: 73.5 x 54 cm
Public Collection

The White Door, 1888 by Hammershoi | Painting Reproduction

The White Door 1888

Oil Painting
$779
Canvas Print
$65.58
SKU: HAV-17348
Vilhelm Hammershoi
Original Size: 62 x 55 cm
Private Collection

Bedroom, Strandgade 30, 1906 by Hammershoi | Painting Reproduction

Bedroom, Strandgade 30 1906

Oil Painting
$963
Canvas Print
$66.27
SKU: HAV-17349
Vilhelm Hammershoi
Original Size: 59.5 x 67.5 cm
Private Collection

Ida in an Interior, 1897 by Hammershoi | Painting Reproduction

Ida in an Interior 1897

Oil Painting
$1178
Canvas Print
$62.28
SKU: HAV-17350
Vilhelm Hammershoi
Original Size: 71 x 58.4 cm
Private Collection

Interior, 1899 by Hammershoi | Painting Reproduction

Interior 1899

Oil Painting
$979
Canvas Print
$68.20
SKU: HAV-17351
Vilhelm Hammershoi
Original Size: 64.5 x 58 cm
Tate Gallery, London, United Kingdom

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