Portrait of Isaac Ilyich Levitan

Isaac Ilyich Levitan Painting Reproductions 2 of 6

1860-1900

Russian Peredvizhniki Painter

Isaac Ilyich Levitan (August 30, 1860 - July 22 August 4 new style, 1900) was a classical Russian landscape painter who advanced the genre of the mood landscape.

Youth
Isaac Levitan was born in a shtetl of Kybartai, Kaunas region, Lithuania, into a poor but educated Jewish family. His father Elyashiv Levitan was the son of a rabbi, completed a Yeshiva and was self-educated. He taught German and French in Kaunas and later worked as a translator at a railway bridge construction for a French building company. At the beginning of 1870 the Levitan family moved to Moscow.

In September 1873, Isaac Levitan entered the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture where his older brother Avel had already studied for two years. After a year in the copying class Isaac transferred into a naturalistic class, and soon thereafter into a landscape class. Levitan's teachers were the famous Savrasov, V.G. Perov and Vasiliy Polenov. For his successes at school, Levitan was awarded a box of paints and two dozen brushes.

In 1875, his mother died, and his father fell seriously ill and became unable to support four children; he died in 1879. The family slipped into abject poverty. As patronage for Levitan's talent and achievements and to keep him in the school, he was given a scholarship.

Early work
In 1877, Isaac Levitan's works were first publicly exhibited and earned favorable recognition from the press. After Alexander Soloviev's assassination attempt on Alexander II, in May 1879, mass deportations of Jews from big cities of the Russian Empire forced the family to move to the suburb of Saltykovka, but in the fall officials responded to pressure from art devotees, and Levitan was allowed to return. In 1880 his painting "Autumn day. Sokolniki" was bought by famous philanthropist and art collector Pavel Mikhailovich Tretyakov.

In the spring of 1884 Levitan participated in the mobile art exhibition by the group known as the Peredvizhniki and in 1891 became a member of the Peredvizhniki partnership. During his study in the Moscow School of painting, sculpturing and architecture, Levitan befriended Konstantin Korovin, Mikhail Nesterov, architect Fyodor Shekhtel, and the painter Nikolai Chekhov, whose famous brother Anton Chekhov became the artist's closest friend. Levitan often visited Chekhov and some think Levitan was in love with his sister, Maria Pavlovna Chekhova.

In the early 1880s Levitan collaborated with the Chekhov brothers on the illustrated magazine "Moscow" and illustrated the M. Fabritsius edition "Kremlin". Together with Korovin in 1885-1886 he painted scenery for performances of the Private Russian opera of S.I.Mamontov.

In the 1880s he participated in the drawing and watercolor gatherings at Polenov's house.

The landscape of mood
Levitan's work was a profound response to the lyrical charm of the Russian landscape. Levitan did not paint urban landscapes; with the exception of the View of Simonov Monastery (whereabouts unknown), mentioned by Nesterov, the city of Moscow appears only in the painting Illumination of the Kremlin. During the late 1870s he often worked in the vicinity of Moscow, and created the special variant of the "landscape of mood", in which the shape and condition of nature are spiritualized, and become carriers of conditions of the human soul (Autumn day. Sokolniki, 1879). During work in Ostankino, he painted fragments of the mansion's house and park, but he was most fond of poetic places in the forest or modest countryside. Characteristic of his work is a hushed and nearly melancholic reverie amidst pastoral landscapes largely devoid of human presence. Fine examples of these qualities include The Vladimirka Road, 1892 Evening Bells, 1892, and Eternal Rest, 1894, all in the Tretyakov Gallery. Though his late work displayed familiarity with Impressionism, his palette was generally muted, and his tendencies were more naturalistic and poetic than optical or scientific.

Late life
In the summer of 1890 Levitan went to Yuryevets and among numerous landscapes and etudes he painted The View of Krivooserski monastery. So the plan of one of his best pictures, The Silent Monastery, was born. The image of a silent monastery and planked bridges over the river, connecting it with the outside world, expressed the artist's spiritual reflections. It is known that this picture made a strong impression on Chekhov.

In 1897, already world-famous, he was elected to the Imperial Academy of Arts and in 1898 he was named the head of the Landscape Studio at his alma mater.

Levitan spent the last year of his life at Chekhov's home in Crimea. In spite of the effects of a terminal illness, his last works are increasingly filled with light. They reflect tranquility and the eternal beauty of Russian nature.

He was buried in Dorogomilovo Jewish cemetery. In April 1941 Levitan's remains were moved to the Novodevichy Cemetery, next to Chekhov's necropolis. Levitan did not have a family or children.

Isaac Levitan's hugely influential art heritage consists of more than a thousand paintings, among them watercolors, pastels, graphics, and illustrations.

122 Isaac Levitan Paintings

Dusk, 1900 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Dusk 1900

Oil Painting
$616
Canvas Print
$49.41
SKU: LEV-8026
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: unknown
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia

Silence, 1898 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Silence 1898

Oil Painting
$683
Canvas Print
$55.81
SKU: LEV-8027
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 96 x 128 cm
State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia

Golden Autumn. Slobodka, 1889 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Golden Autumn. Slobodka 1889

Oil Painting
$716
Canvas Print
$49.41
SKU: LEV-8028
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 43 x 69 cm
State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia

The Track, 1890 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

The Track 1890

Oil Painting
$627
Canvas Print
$70.88
SKU: LEV-8029
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 43 x 66.6 cm
Private Collection

Summer Evening, 1900 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Summer Evening 1900

Oil Painting
$611
Canvas Print
$49.96
SKU: LEV-8030
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 49 x 73 cm
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia

Autumn Day. Sokolniki, 1879 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Autumn Day. Sokolniki 1879

Oil Painting
$687
Canvas Print
$57.99
SKU: LEV-8031
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 63.5 x 50 cm
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia

Vladimirka, 1892 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Vladimirka 1892

Oil Painting
$696
Canvas Print
$49.41
SKU: LEV-8032
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 79 x 123 cm
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia

At the Shallow, 1892 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

At the Shallow 1892

Oil Painting
$773
Canvas Print
$53.09
SKU: LEV-8033
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: unknown
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia

Alley, c.1880/83 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Alley c.1880/83

Oil Painting
$466
Canvas Print
$49.41
SKU: LEV-8034
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 44 x 38 cm
The State Memorial Estate "The Rostov Kremlin", Rostov, Russia

Alley. Ostankino, c.1880/83 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Alley. Ostankino c.1880/83

Oil Painting
$479
Canvas Print
$57.48
SKU: LEV-8035
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 54 x 43 cm
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia

Coast of Mediterranean Sea, 1890 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Coast of Mediterranean Sea 1890

Oil Painting
$505
Canvas Print
$53.09
SKU: LEV-8036
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 41 x 59 cm
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia

Birch Grove, n.d. by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Birch Grove n.d.

Oil Painting
$387
Canvas Print
$49.41
SKU: LEV-8037
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 19 x 23 cm
Art Museum M. S. Tuganov, Vladikavkaz, Russia

Birches. Grove Outskirts, n.d. by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Birches. Grove Outskirts n.d.

Oil Painting
$565
Canvas Print
$49.41
SKU: LEV-8038
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 35.5 x 36 cm
Regional Art Museum, Stavropol, Russia

Near Bordighera. North Italy, 1890 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Near Bordighera. North Italy 1890

Oil Painting
$643
Canvas Print
$49.41
SKU: LEV-8039
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 24 x 33 cm
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia

Storm. Rain, 1899 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Storm. Rain 1899

Oil Painting
$746
Canvas Print
$52.55
SKU: LEV-8040
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 154 x 214 cm
The Saratov State Art Museum A. N. Radishchev, Saratov, Russia

In the Crimean Mountains, 1886 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

In the Crimean Mountains 1886

Oil Painting
$812
Canvas Print
$49.41
SKU: LEV-8041
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 36.5 x 67 cm
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia

In the Park, 1880 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

In the Park 1880

Oil Painting
$685
Canvas Print
$53.77
SKU: LEV-8042
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 44 x 62 cm
Astrakhan State Gallery B.M. Kustodiev, Astrakhan, Russia

In the Park, 1895 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

In the Park 1895

Oil Painting
$370
Canvas Print
$49.41
SKU: LEV-8043
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 19.5 x 34.3 cm
The Saratov State Art Museum A. N. Radishchev, Saratov, Russia

Vasilsursk, 1887 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Vasilsursk 1887

Oil Painting
$341
Canvas Print
$49.41
SKU: LEV-8044
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 18.8 x 29.2 cm
The State Art and Natural Memorial Estate V.D. Polenov, Tula, Russia

Spring in Italy, 1890 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Spring in Italy 1890

Oil Painting
$696
Canvas Print
$52.95
SKU: LEV-8045
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 42.8 x 60.2 cm
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia

Spring. Last Snow, 1895 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Spring. Last Snow 1895

Oil Painting
$611
SKU: LEV-8046
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 49 x 51 cm
Private Collection

Evening on Volga, 1888 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Evening on Volga 1888

Oil Painting
$553
Canvas Print
$49.41
SKU: LEV-8047
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 50 x 81 cm
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia

Evening on Volga, 1888 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Evening on Volga 1888

Oil Painting
$474
Canvas Print
$49.41
SKU: LEV-8048
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 22 x 33.5 cm
Private Collection

Evening Shadows, c.1891/94 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Evening Shadows c.1891/94

Oil Painting
$723
Canvas Print
$49.41
SKU: LEV-8049
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 73 x 125 cm
Art Gallery, Taganrog, Russia

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