Portrait of Isaac Ilyich Levitan

Isaac Ilyich Levitan Painting Reproductions 5 of 6

1860-1900

Russian Peredvizhniki Painter

Isaac Ilyich Levitan (August 30, 1860 - July 22 August 4 new style, 1900) was a classical Russian landscape painter who advanced the genre of the mood landscape.

Youth
Isaac Levitan was born in a shtetl of Kybartai, Kaunas region, Lithuania, into a poor but educated Jewish family. His father Elyashiv Levitan was the son of a rabbi, completed a Yeshiva and was self-educated. He taught German and French in Kaunas and later worked as a translator at a railway bridge construction for a French building company. At the beginning of 1870 the Levitan family moved to Moscow.

In September 1873, Isaac Levitan entered the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture where his older brother Avel had already studied for two years. After a year in the copying class Isaac transferred into a naturalistic class, and soon thereafter into a landscape class. Levitan's teachers were the famous Savrasov, V.G. Perov and Vasiliy Polenov. For his successes at school, Levitan was awarded a box of paints and two dozen brushes.

In 1875, his mother died, and his father fell seriously ill and became unable to support four children; he died in 1879. The family slipped into abject poverty. As patronage for Levitan's talent and achievements and to keep him in the school, he was given a scholarship.

Early work
In 1877, Isaac Levitan's works were first publicly exhibited and earned favorable recognition from the press. After Alexander Soloviev's assassination attempt on Alexander II, in May 1879, mass deportations of Jews from big cities of the Russian Empire forced the family to move to the suburb of Saltykovka, but in the fall officials responded to pressure from art devotees, and Levitan was allowed to return. In 1880 his painting "Autumn day. Sokolniki" was bought by famous philanthropist and art collector Pavel Mikhailovich Tretyakov.

In the spring of 1884 Levitan participated in the mobile art exhibition by the group known as the Peredvizhniki and in 1891 became a member of the Peredvizhniki partnership. During his study in the Moscow School of painting, sculpturing and architecture, Levitan befriended Konstantin Korovin, Mikhail Nesterov, architect Fyodor Shekhtel, and the painter Nikolai Chekhov, whose famous brother Anton Chekhov became the artist's closest friend. Levitan often visited Chekhov and some think Levitan was in love with his sister, Maria Pavlovna Chekhova.

In the early 1880s Levitan collaborated with the Chekhov brothers on the illustrated magazine "Moscow" and illustrated the M. Fabritsius edition "Kremlin". Together with Korovin in 1885-1886 he painted scenery for performances of the Private Russian opera of S.I.Mamontov.

In the 1880s he participated in the drawing and watercolor gatherings at Polenov's house.

The landscape of mood
Levitan's work was a profound response to the lyrical charm of the Russian landscape. Levitan did not paint urban landscapes; with the exception of the View of Simonov Monastery (whereabouts unknown), mentioned by Nesterov, the city of Moscow appears only in the painting Illumination of the Kremlin. During the late 1870s he often worked in the vicinity of Moscow, and created the special variant of the "landscape of mood", in which the shape and condition of nature are spiritualized, and become carriers of conditions of the human soul (Autumn day. Sokolniki, 1879). During work in Ostankino, he painted fragments of the mansion's house and park, but he was most fond of poetic places in the forest or modest countryside. Characteristic of his work is a hushed and nearly melancholic reverie amidst pastoral landscapes largely devoid of human presence. Fine examples of these qualities include The Vladimirka Road, 1892 Evening Bells, 1892, and Eternal Rest, 1894, all in the Tretyakov Gallery. Though his late work displayed familiarity with Impressionism, his palette was generally muted, and his tendencies were more naturalistic and poetic than optical or scientific.

Late life
In the summer of 1890 Levitan went to Yuryevets and among numerous landscapes and etudes he painted The View of Krivooserski monastery. So the plan of one of his best pictures, The Silent Monastery, was born. The image of a silent monastery and planked bridges over the river, connecting it with the outside world, expressed the artist's spiritual reflections. It is known that this picture made a strong impression on Chekhov.

In 1897, already world-famous, he was elected to the Imperial Academy of Arts and in 1898 he was named the head of the Landscape Studio at his alma mater.

Levitan spent the last year of his life at Chekhov's home in Crimea. In spite of the effects of a terminal illness, his last works are increasingly filled with light. They reflect tranquility and the eternal beauty of Russian nature.

He was buried in Dorogomilovo Jewish cemetery. In April 1941 Levitan's remains were moved to the Novodevichy Cemetery, next to Chekhov's necropolis. Levitan did not have a family or children.

Isaac Levitan's hugely influential art heritage consists of more than a thousand paintings, among them watercolors, pastels, graphics, and illustrations.

122 Isaac Levitan Paintings

The Last Sunbeams. An Aspen Wood, 1897 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

The Last Sunbeams. An Aspen Wood 1897

Oil Painting
$649
SKU: LEV-8122
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 63 x 56 cm
Private Collection

Small River, 1888 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Small River 1888

Oil Painting
$364
Canvas Print
$49.39
SKU: LEV-8123
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 22.6 x 32.4 cm
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia

Pond, n.d. by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Pond n.d.

Oil Painting
$337
Canvas Print
$49.39
SKU: LEV-8124
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 19.5 x 30 cm
The State Architectural and Art Memorial Estate, Ples, Russia

Small River Istra, c.1885/86 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Small River Istra c.1885/86

Oil Painting
$313
Canvas Print
$49.39
SKU: LEV-8125
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 15.2 x 24.2 cm
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia

Stream, 1899 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Stream 1899

Oil Painting
$409
Canvas Print
$49.39
SKU: LEV-8126
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 62.5 x 50 cm
State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia

Reaped Field, 1897 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Reaped Field 1897

Oil Painting
$452
Canvas Print
$49.39
SKU: LEV-8127
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 59.5 x 73 cm
Art Gallery, Yerevan, Armenia

Stacks and Village behind the River, c.1880/83 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Stacks and Village behind the River c.1880/83

Oil Painting
$387
Canvas Print
$49.39
SKU: LEV-8128
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 19.7 x 33.3 cm
State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia

Sunny Day. At a Log Hut, 1898 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Sunny Day. At a Log Hut 1898

Oil Painting
$661
Canvas Print
$49.39
SKU: LEV-8129
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 81 x 107 cm
The State Museum of Fine Arts of Republic Tatarstan, Kazan, Russia

Gloomy Day. Harvest, c.1880/90 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Gloomy Day. Harvest c.1880/90

Oil Painting
$673
Canvas Print
$49.39
SKU: LEV-8130
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 71 x 123.3 cm
The Perm State Art Gallery, Perm, Russia

The Tatar Cemetery. Crimea, 1886 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

The Tatar Cemetery. Crimea 1886

Oil Painting
$620
Canvas Print
$49.39
SKU: LEV-8131
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 45 x 75 cm
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia

Three Pines, 1886 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Three Pines 1886

Oil Painting
$346
Canvas Print
$49.39
SKU: LEV-8132
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 20.4 x 33.5 cm
Private Collection

Footpath, 1880 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Footpath 1880

Oil Painting
$351
Canvas Print
$49.39
SKU: LEV-8133
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: unknown
Private Collection

At Seacoast. Crimea, 1886 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

At Seacoast. Crimea 1886

Oil Painting
$521
Canvas Print
$49.39
SKU: LEV-8134
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 41.3 x 65 cm
State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia

Blossoming Apple-Trees, 1896 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Blossoming Apple-Trees 1896

Oil Painting
$627
Canvas Print
$49.39
SKU: LEV-8135
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 34 x 50 cm
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia

Mont Blanc Mountains, 1897 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Mont Blanc Mountains 1897

Oil Painting
$585
Canvas Print
$49.39
SKU: LEV-8136
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 31.7 x 39.8 cm
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia

Ai-Petri, 1886 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Ai-Petri 1886

Oil Painting
$273
Canvas Print
$49.39
SKU: LEV-16893
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 20 x 31 cm
Omsk Regional Museum of Fine Arts M. A. Vrubel, Omsk, Russia

Alps. Snow, 1897 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Alps. Snow 1897

Oil Painting
$479
Canvas Print
$52.67
SKU: LEV-16894
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 65 x 86 cm
The Ekaterinburg Museum of Fine Arts, Ekaterinburg, Russia

Stormy Day, 1897 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Stormy Day 1897

Oil Painting
$446
Canvas Print
$72.67
SKU: LEV-16895
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 84 x 86 cm
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia

Village, 1890 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Village 1890

Oil Painting
$309
Canvas Print
$49.39
SKU: LEV-18506
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 24 x 32 cm
Public Collection

Lunar Landscape, 1890s by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Lunar Landscape 1890s

Oil Painting
$296
Canvas Print
$49.39
SKU: LEV-18507
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 29 x 39.5 cm
Public Collection

At the Dacha at Dusk, 1890s by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

At the Dacha at Dusk 1890s

Oil Painting
$387
Canvas Print
$59.21
SKU: LEV-18508
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 49.5 x 61.5 cm
The Yaroslavl Art Museum, Yaroslavl, Russia

Autumn. Manor, 1894 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Autumn. Manor 1894

Paper Art Print
$55.22
SKU: LEV-18509
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 48 x 63 cm
Omsk Regional Museum of Fine Arts M. A. Vrubel, Omsk, Russia

Lake. Spring, 1889 by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Lake. Spring 1889

Oil Painting
$570
Canvas Print
$49.81
SKU: LEV-18510
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 91 x 58.8 cm
Public Collection

Fog over Water, 1890s by Isaac Levitan | Painting Reproduction

Fog over Water 1890s

Oil Painting
$484
Canvas Print
$49.39
SKU: LEV-18511
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Original Size: 40.4 x 62.4 cm
Public Collection

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