Neoclassicism Artists Index

Neoclassicism Artists Index

Alphabetical Index of the Great Masters of Neoclassicism

Neoclassicism was a widespread and influential art movement that began in the 1760s, reached its height in the 1780s and '90s, and lasted until the 1840s and '50s. The movement emphasized classical forms, order, and simplicity, and drew inspiration from the art and culture of ancient Greece and Rome. In painting, Neoclassicism generally took the form of an emphasis on austere linear design in the depiction of Classical themes and subject matter.

Neoclassical art revived an interest in symmetry and simplicity that was applied across visual arts and had a major influence on painting, sculpture, architecture, and interior design. The movement was based on the principles of simplicity, symmetry, and mathematics, which were seen as virtues of the arts in Ancient Greece and Rome.

Some of the most famous Neoclassical artists include Jacques-Louis David, Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, and Antonio Canova . Jacques-Louis David and Antonio Canova came to embody the ideals of the style.

In architecture, Neoclassicism evolved the more recent influences of the equally antiquity-informed 16th century Renaissance Classicism. Neoclassical architects emphasized the use of classical orders and motifs, such as columns and pediments, to create buildings that were simple, elegant, and harmonious. Notable examples of Neoclassical architecture include the work of Robert Adam and John Soane.

Overall, Neoclassicism had a significant impact on the arts and culture of its time, and its influence can still be seen in many contemporary works of art and architecture.