Still Life Painting Reproductions - Page 3

Still life is a work of art which represents a subject composed of inanimate objects. Popular in Western art since the 17th century, still life paintings, such as of flowers or fruit, give the artist more leeway in the arrangement of design elements within a composition than do paintings of other types of subjects such as landscape or portraiture.

Still life paintings often adorn the walls of ancient Egyptian tombs. It was believed that the foodstuffs and other items depicted there would, in the afterlife, become real and available for use by the deceased. Similar paintings, more simply decorative in intent, have also been found in the Roman frescoes unearthed at Pompeii and Herculaneum. The popular appreciation of still life painting as a demonstration of the artist's skill is related in the ancient Greek legend of Zeuxis and Parrhasius.

Through the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, still life in Western art was mainly used as an adjunct to Christian religious subjects. This was particularly true in the work of Northern European artists, whose fascination with highly detailed optical realism and disguised symbolism led them to lavish great attention on the meanings of various props and settings within their paintings' overall message. Painters such as Jan van Eyck often used still life elements as part of an iconographic program so dense that scholars to this day are still debating the possible symbolic significance of each flower, candle, or stone.

Still life came into its own in the new artistic climate of the Netherlands in the 17th century. While artists found limited opportunity to produce the religious art which had long been their staple (images of religious subjects were forbidden in the Dutch Reformed Protestant Church), the continuing Northern tradition of detailed realism and hidden symbols appealed to the growing Dutch middle classes, who were replacing Church and State as the principal patrons of art in the Netherlands.

Especially popular in this period were vanitas paintings, in which sumptuous arrangements of fruit and flowers, or lavish banquet tables with fine silver and crystal, were accompanied by symbolic reminders of life's impermanence. A skull, an hourglass or pocket watch, a candle burning down or a book with pages turning, would serve as a moralizing message on the ephemerality of sensory pleasures. Often some of the luscious fruits and flowers themselves would be shown starting to spoil or fade. The popularity of vanitas paintings, and of still life generally, soon spread from Holland to Flanders, Spain, and France.

The French aristocracy of the 18th century also employed artists to execute paintings of bounteous and extravagant still life subjects, this time without the moralistic vanitas message of their Dutch predecessors. The Rococo love of artifice led to a rise in appreciation for trompe l'oeil (French: "fool the eye") painting, a type of still life in which objects are shown life-sized, against a flat background, in an attempt to create the illusion of real three dimensional objects in the viewer's space.

With the rise of the European Academies, most notably the Academie francaise which held a central role in Academic art, and their formalized approach to artistic training, still life began to fall from favor. The Academies taught the doctrine of "Hierarchy of genres" (or "Hierarchy of Subject Matter"), which held that a painting's artistic merit was based primarily on its subject. In the Academic system, the highest form of painting consisted of images of historical, Biblical or mythological significance, with still life subjects relegated to the very lowest order of artistic recognition.

It was not until the decline of the Academic hierarchy in Europe, and the rise of the Impressionist and Post-Impressionist painters, who emphasized technique and design over subject matter, that still life was once again avidly practiced by artists. Henri Fantin-Latour is known almost exclusively for his still lifes. Vincent van Gogh's "Sunflowers" are some of the best known 19th century still life paintings, and Paul Cezanne found in still life the perfect vehicle for his revolutionary explorations in geometric spatial organization.

Indeed, Cezanne's experiments can be seen as leading directly to the development of Cubist still life in the early 20th century. Between 1910 and 1920, Cubist artists like Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, and Juan Gris painted many still life compositions, often including musical instruments, as well as creating the first Synthetic Cubist collage works, such as Picasso's "Still Life with Chair Caning" (1912).

Artists in the United States, largely unburdened by Academic strictures on subject matter, had long found a ready market for still life painting. Raphaelle Peale (1774-1825), eldest son of Revolutionary era painter Charles Willson Peale, was the first American still life specialist, and established a tradition of still life painting in Philadelphia that continued until the early 20th century, when artists such as William Harnett and John Frederick Peto gained fame for their trompe l'oeil renderings of collections of worn objects and scraps of paper, typically shown hanging on a wall or door.

When 20th century American artists became aware of European Modernism, they began to interpret still life subjects with a combination of American Realism and Cubist-derived abstraction. Typical of the American still life works of this period are the paintings of Georgia O'Keeffe, Stuart Davis, and Marsden Hartley, and the photographs of Edward Weston.

Much Pop Art (such as Andy Warhol's "Campbell's Soup Cans") is based on still life, but its true subject is most often the commodified image of the commercial product represented rather than the physical still life object itself. The rise of Photorealism in the 1970s reasserted illusionistic representation, while retaining some of Pop's message of the fusion of object, image, and commercial product. Typical in this regard are the paintings of Don Eddy and Ralph Goings. The works of Audrey Flack add to this mix an autobiographical Feminist message relating to cultural standards of female beauty. While they address contemporary themes, Flack's paintings often include trompe l'oeil and vanitas elements as well, thereby referencing the entire still life tradition of Western art.

page 3 of 50

Still Life: Flask, Glass and Jug, c.1877 by Cezanne | Painting Reproduction

Still Life: Flask, Glass and Jug c.1877

Paul Cezanne
Oil Painting
$470
Canvas Print
$64.01
SKU: CEZ-18377
Paul Cezanne
Original Size: 46.2 x 55.2 cm
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum New York USA

Still Life: Plate of Peaches, c.1879/80 by Cezanne | Painting Reproduction

Still Life: Plate of Peaches c.1879/80

Paul Cezanne
Oil Painting
$479
Canvas Print
$61.70
SKU: CEZ-18376
Paul Cezanne
Original Size: 59.7 x 73.3 cm
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum New York USA

Still Life with Faience Jug and Fruit, c.1900 by Cezanne | Painting Reproduction

Still Life with Faience Jug and Fruit c.1900

Paul Cezanne
Oil Painting
$808
Canvas Print
$54.80
SKU: CEZ-18258
Paul Cezanne
Original Size: 73.7 x 101 cm
Oskar Reinhart Museum Winterthur Switzerland

Flowers, c.1900 by John Henry Twachtman | Painting Reproduction
SKU: TJH-18209
John Henry Twachtman
Original Size: 48.3 x 38.7 cm
Smithsonian American Art Museum Washington USA

Yellow Calla, 1926 by O'Keeffe | Painting Reproduction

Yellow Calla 1926

Georgia O'Keeffe (inspired by)
Oil Painting
$488
Canvas Print
$50.10
SKU: OKF-18201
Georgia O'Keeffe (inspired by)
Original Size: 23 x 32.4 cm
Smithsonian American Art Museum Washington USA

Hibiscus with Plumeria, 1939 by O'Keeffe | Painting Reproduction

Hibiscus with Plumeria 1939

Georgia O'Keeffe (inspired by)
Oil Painting
$918
Canvas Print
$56.04
SKU: OKF-18199
Georgia O'Keeffe (inspired by)
Original Size: 101.6 x 76.2 cm
Smithsonian American Art Museum Washington USA

Still Life, c.1926 by Frank Weston Benson | Painting Reproduction

Still Life c.1926

Frank Weston Benson
Oil Painting
$751
Canvas Print
$57.01
SKU: BFW-18171
Frank Weston Benson
Original Size: 115 x 153.4 cm
Smithsonian American Art Museum Washington USA

Flowers and Grapes, 1875 by Fantin-Latour | Painting Reproduction

Flowers and Grapes 1875

Henri Fantin-Latour
Oil Painting
$1089
Canvas Print
$60.87
SKU: LHF-18150
Henri Fantin-Latour
Original Size: 45.5 x 53.3 cm
Dallas Museum of Art Texas USA

Roses and Peonies in a Vase, 1876 by Renoir | Painting Reproduction

Roses and Peonies in a Vase 1876

Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Oil Painting
$726
Canvas Print
$63.08
SKU: RPA-18148
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Original Size: 60.6 x 51.4 cm
Dallas Museum of Art Texas USA

This is Not a Pipe, 1929 by Rene Magritte | Painting Reproduction

This is Not a Pipe 1929

Rene Magritte
Oil Painting
$524
Canvas Print
$56.18
SKU: MAG-18118
Rene Magritte
Original Size: 60.3 x 79 cm
Los Angeles County Museum of Art California USA

Bouquet of Flowers. Phlox, 1884 by Ivan Kramskoy | Painting Reproduction

Bouquet of Flowers. Phlox 1884

Ivan Kramskoy
Oil Painting
$498
Canvas Print
$65.84
SKU: KRI-18094
Ivan Kramskoy
Original Size: 64 x 56.2 cm
The Tretyakov Gallery Moscow Russia

Roses, c.1885 by Renoir | Painting Reproduction

Roses c.1885

Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Oil Painting
$582
Canvas Print
$50.10
SKU: RPA-18057
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Original Size: 37 x 49 cm
Private Collection

Peonies, c.1925 by Edmund Charles Tarbell | Painting Reproduction

Peonies c.1925

Edmund Charles Tarbell
Oil Painting
$490
Canvas Print
$62.12
SKU: TEC-18056
Edmund Charles Tarbell
Original Size: 76.2 x 63.5 cm
Private Collection

Vase of Peonies, c.1925 by Edmund Charles Tarbell | Painting Reproduction

Vase of Peonies c.1925

Edmund Charles Tarbell
Oil Painting
$487
Canvas Print
$64.05
SKU: TEC-18055
Edmund Charles Tarbell
Original Size: 63.8 x 53.8 cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art New York USA

Still Life with Meat, Fish, Vegetables, and Fruit, c.1615/20 by Jacob van Hulsdonck | Painting Reproduction
SKU: HUL-18021
Jacob van Hulsdonck
Original Size: 71.5 x 104 cm
Cleveland Museum of Art Ohio USA

Interior with Flowerpot, 1953 by Picasso | Painting Reproduction

Interior with Flowerpot 1953

Pablo Picasso
Oil Painting
$541
Canvas Print
$56.45
SKU: PPR-17994
Pablo Picasso
Original Size: 130 x 96.8 cm
Private Collection

Dahlias, 1876 by Berthe Morisot | Painting Reproduction

Dahlias 1876

Berthe Morisot
Oil Painting
$442
Canvas Print
$62.40
SKU: MST-17968
Berthe Morisot
Original Size: 45.7 x 56 cm
The Clark Art Institute Massachusetts USA

White Flowers in a Bowl, 1885 by Berthe Morisot | Painting Reproduction

White Flowers in a Bowl 1885

Berthe Morisot
Oil Painting
$413
Canvas Print
$50.10
SKU: MST-17962
Berthe Morisot
Original Size: 46 x 55 cm
Boston Museum of Fine Arts Massachusetts USA

Peaches, Grapes and Plums with a Dragonfly, 1683 by Rachel Ruysch | Painting Reproduction

Peaches, Grapes and Plums with a Dragonfly 1683

Rachel Ruysch
Oil Painting
$1717
Canvas Print
$56.14
SKU: RRY-17870
Rachel Ruysch
Original Size: 53 x 42.2 cm
Private Collection

Forest Floor with a Classical Facade Beyond, Undated by Rachel Ruysch | Painting Reproduction
SKU: RRY-17869
Rachel Ruysch
Original Size: 91.5 x 68 cm
Private Collection

Still Life with Marigolds and Morning Glory, Undated by Rachel Ruysch | Painting Reproduction
SKU: RRY-17868
Rachel Ruysch
Original Size: 32.6 x 28.2 cm
Private Collection

Still Life of Roses, Tulips and Sunflower, 1710 by Rachel Ruysch | Painting Reproduction

Still Life of Roses, Tulips and Sunflower 1710

Rachel Ruysch
Oil Painting
$6041
Canvas Print
$59.91
SKU: RRY-17867
Rachel Ruysch
Original Size: 89 x 71 cm
Private Collection

Still Life of Flowers with a Nosegay of Roses, 1695 by Rachel Ruysch | Painting Reproduction
SKU: RRY-17866
Rachel Ruysch
Original Size: 32 x 25.8 cm
Private Collection

Still Life of Flowers in a Glass Vase on a Marble Ledge, 1745 by Rachel Ruysch | Painting Reproduction
SKU: RRY-17865
Rachel Ruysch
Original Size: 38.2 x 32.2 cm
Private Collection

Top