Still Life Painting Reproductions - Page 5

Still life is a work of art which represents a subject composed of inanimate objects. Popular in Western art since the 17th century, still life paintings, such as of flowers or fruit, give the artist more leeway in the arrangement of design elements within a composition than do paintings of other types of subjects such as landscape or portraiture.

Still life paintings often adorn the walls of ancient Egyptian tombs. It was believed that the foodstuffs and other items depicted there would, in the afterlife, become real and available for use by the deceased. Similar paintings, more simply decorative in intent, have also been found in the Roman frescoes unearthed at Pompeii and Herculaneum. The popular appreciation of still life painting as a demonstration of the artist's skill is related in the ancient Greek legend of Zeuxis and Parrhasius.

Through the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, still life in Western art was mainly used as an adjunct to Christian religious subjects. This was particularly true in the work of Northern European artists, whose fascination with highly detailed optical realism and disguised symbolism led them to lavish great attention on the meanings of various props and settings within their paintings' overall message. Painters such as Jan van Eyck often used still life elements as part of an iconographic program so dense that scholars to this day are still debating the possible symbolic significance of each flower, candle, or stone.

Still life came into its own in the new artistic climate of the Netherlands in the 17th century. While artists found limited opportunity to produce the religious art which had long been their staple (images of religious subjects were forbidden in the Dutch Reformed Protestant Church), the continuing Northern tradition of detailed realism and hidden symbols appealed to the growing Dutch middle classes, who were replacing Church and State as the principal patrons of art in the Netherlands.

Especially popular in this period were vanitas paintings, in which sumptuous arrangements of fruit and flowers, or lavish banquet tables with fine silver and crystal, were accompanied by symbolic reminders of life's impermanence. A skull, an hourglass or pocket watch, a candle burning down or a book with pages turning, would serve as a moralizing message on the ephemerality of sensory pleasures. Often some of the luscious fruits and flowers themselves would be shown starting to spoil or fade. The popularity of vanitas paintings, and of still life generally, soon spread from Holland to Flanders, Spain, and France.

The French aristocracy of the 18th century also employed artists to execute paintings of bounteous and extravagant still life subjects, this time without the moralistic vanitas message of their Dutch predecessors. The Rococo love of artifice led to a rise in appreciation for trompe l'oeil (French: "fool the eye") painting, a type of still life in which objects are shown life-sized, against a flat background, in an attempt to create the illusion of real three dimensional objects in the viewer's space.

With the rise of the European Academies, most notably the Academie francaise which held a central role in Academic art, and their formalized approach to artistic training, still life began to fall from favor. The Academies taught the doctrine of "Hierarchy of genres" (or "Hierarchy of Subject Matter"), which held that a painting's artistic merit was based primarily on its subject. In the Academic system, the highest form of painting consisted of images of historical, Biblical or mythological significance, with still life subjects relegated to the very lowest order of artistic recognition.

It was not until the decline of the Academic hierarchy in Europe, and the rise of the Impressionist and Post-Impressionist painters, who emphasized technique and design over subject matter, that still life was once again avidly practiced by artists. Henri Fantin-Latour is known almost exclusively for his still lifes. Vincent van Gogh's "Sunflowers" are some of the best known 19th century still life paintings, and Paul Cezanne found in still life the perfect vehicle for his revolutionary explorations in geometric spatial organization.

Indeed, Cezanne's experiments can be seen as leading directly to the development of Cubist still life in the early 20th century. Between 1910 and 1920, Cubist artists like Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, and Juan Gris painted many still life compositions, often including musical instruments, as well as creating the first Synthetic Cubist collage works, such as Picasso's "Still Life with Chair Caning" (1912).

Artists in the United States, largely unburdened by Academic strictures on subject matter, had long found a ready market for still life painting. Raphaelle Peale (1774-1825), eldest son of Revolutionary era painter Charles Willson Peale, was the first American still life specialist, and established a tradition of still life painting in Philadelphia that continued until the early 20th century, when artists such as William Harnett and John Frederick Peto gained fame for their trompe l'oeil renderings of collections of worn objects and scraps of paper, typically shown hanging on a wall or door.

When 20th century American artists became aware of European Modernism, they began to interpret still life subjects with a combination of American Realism and Cubist-derived abstraction. Typical of the American still life works of this period are the paintings of Georgia O'Keeffe, Stuart Davis, and Marsden Hartley, and the photographs of Edward Weston.

Much Pop Art (such as Andy Warhol's "Campbell's Soup Cans") is based on still life, but its true subject is most often the commodified image of the commercial product represented rather than the physical still life object itself. The rise of Photorealism in the 1970s reasserted illusionistic representation, while retaining some of Pop's message of the fusion of object, image, and commercial product. Typical in this regard are the paintings of Don Eddy and Ralph Goings. The works of Audrey Flack add to this mix an autobiographical Feminist message relating to cultural standards of female beauty. While they address contemporary themes, Flack's paintings often include trompe l'oeil and vanitas elements as well, thereby referencing the entire still life tradition of Western art.

page 5 of 50

An Elaborate Basket of Flowers and a Tazza with Grapes, Undated by Jacob van Hulsdonck | Painting Reproduction
SKU: HUL-17846
Jacob van Hulsdonck
Original Size: 57.8 x 97.5 cm
Private Collection

A Still Life with a Vase of Carnations and a Basket of Fruits, Undated by Jacob van Hulsdonck | Painting Reproduction
SKU: HUL-17845
Jacob van Hulsdonck
Original Size: 49 x 65 cm
Private Collection

Still Life with Plums, Grapes and Peaches in a Wicker Basket, Undated by Jacob van Hulsdonck | Painting Reproduction
SKU: HUL-17844
Jacob van Hulsdonck
Original Size: 53 x 76.4 cm
Private Collection

Peaches, Plums and Grapes in a Basket, Undated by Jacob van Hulsdonck | Painting Reproduction
SKU: HUL-17843
Jacob van Hulsdonck
Original Size: 48.3 x 64 cm
Private Collection

Nectarines and Grapes in a Basket, Undated by Jacob van Hulsdonck | Painting Reproduction

Nectarines and Grapes in a Basket Undated

Jacob van Hulsdonck
Oil Painting
$1831
Canvas Print
$54.88
SKU: HUL-17842
Jacob van Hulsdonck
Original Size: 43.8 x 59.7 cm
Private Collection

Roses in a Glass Vase, c.1640/45 by Jacob van Hulsdonck | Painting Reproduction

Roses in a Glass Vase c.1640/45

Jacob van Hulsdonck
Oil Painting
$2056
Canvas Print
$50.43
SKU: HUL-17841
Jacob van Hulsdonck
Original Size: 35 x 28.4 cm
Mauritshuis Royal Picture Gallery The Hague Netherlands

Still Life with Raisins, Apricots and Plums in a Porcelain Dish, 1620s by Jacob van Hulsdonck | Painting Reproduction
SKU: HUL-17840
Jacob van Hulsdonck
Original Size: 28 x 36 cm
Private Collection

A Still Life of Tulips, c.1615 by Jacob van Hulsdonck | Painting Reproduction

A Still Life of Tulips c.1615

Jacob van Hulsdonck
Oil Painting
$1999
Canvas Print
$54.09
SKU: HUL-17839
Jacob van Hulsdonck
Original Size: 53 x 40.4 cm
Private Collection

Breakfast, c.1615 by Jacob van Hulsdonck | Painting Reproduction

Breakfast c.1615

Jacob van Hulsdonck
Oil Painting
$1669
Canvas Print
$59.89
SKU: HUL-17838
Jacob van Hulsdonck
Original Size: 49.3 x 64.5 cm
Rijksmuseum Twenthe Enschede Netherlands

Tulips in a Vase, c.1610 by Jacob van Hulsdonck | Painting Reproduction

Tulips in a Vase c.1610

Jacob van Hulsdonck
Oil Painting
$1470
Canvas Print
$56.97
SKU: HUL-17837
Jacob van Hulsdonck
Original Size: 55 x 41 cm
Museum Bredius Den Haag Netherlands

Wild Strawberries and a Carnation in a Wan-Li Bowl, c.1620 by Jacob van Hulsdonck | Painting Reproduction
SKU: HUL-17836
Jacob van Hulsdonck
Original Size: 28.3 x 36.2 cm
National Gallery of Art Washington USA

Still Life with Lemons, Oranges, and a Pomegranate, c.1620/40 by Jacob van Hulsdonck | Painting Reproduction
SKU: HUL-17835
Jacob van Hulsdonck
Original Size: 42 x 49.5 cm
J. Paul Getty Museum Los Angeles USA

Large Vase with Flowers, c.1912 by Odilon Redon | Painting Reproduction

Large Vase with Flowers c.1912

Odilon Redon
Oil Painting
$474
Canvas Print
$57.39
SKU: RED-17817
Odilon Redon
Original Size: 73 x 54.6 cm
National Gallery of Art Washington USA

Still Life with Fruit and a Dead Hare, 1630s by Frans Snyders | Painting Reproduction

Still Life with Fruit and a Dead Hare 1630s

Frans Snyders
Oil Painting
$2139
Canvas Print
$75.04
SKU: SFR-17792
Frans Snyders
Original Size: 149.2 x 151.8 cm
Detroit Institute of Arts Michigan USA

Still Life with Peonies, 1884 by Gauguin | Painting Reproduction

Still Life with Peonies 1884

Paul Gauguin
Oil Painting
$458
Canvas Print
$62.25
SKU: GAP-17783
Paul Gauguin
Original Size: 59.7 x 73 cm
National Gallery of Art Washington USA

Flowers in a Glass Vase, 1704 by Rachel Ruysch | Painting Reproduction

Flowers in a Glass Vase 1704

Rachel Ruysch
Oil Painting
$4073
Canvas Print
$59.75
SKU: RRY-17770
Rachel Ruysch
Original Size: 83.8 x 67 cm
Detroit Institute of Arts Michigan USA

Three Pears, c.1878/79 by Cezanne | Painting Reproduction

Three Pears c.1878/79

Paul Cezanne
Oil Painting
$254
Canvas Print
$50.43
SKU: CEZ-17732
Paul Cezanne
Original Size: 20 x 25.7 cm
National Gallery of Art Washington USA

Vase of Flowers, c.1900/03 by Cezanne | Painting Reproduction

Vase of Flowers c.1900/03

Paul Cezanne
Oil Painting
$593
Canvas Print
$61.70
SKU: CEZ-17731
Paul Cezanne
Original Size: 101 x 81.9 cm
National Gallery of Art Washington USA

Still Life with Oranges, Jars, and Boxes of Sweets, c.1760/65 by Luis Egidio Meléndez | Painting Reproduction
SKU: MLE-17698
Luis Egidio Melendez
Original Size: 48.3 x 35.2 cm
Kimbell Art Museum Fort Worth USA

Still Life with Mackerel, 1787 by Vallayer-Coster | Painting Reproduction

Still Life with Mackerel 1787

Anne Vallayer-Coster
Oil Painting
$2797
Canvas Print
$62.25
SKU: VCA-17694
Anne Vallayer-Coster
Original Size: 49.5 x 61 cm
Kimbell Art Museum Fort Worth USA

Still Life with Dahlias, Zinnias, Hollyhocks and Plums, c.1835 by Eugène Delacroix | Painting Reproduction
SKU: DEX-17627
Eugene Delacroix
Original Size: 55 x 65.5 cm
Minneapolis Institute of Arts Minnesota USA

Floral Still Life, c.1670/90 by Cornelis de Heem | Painting Reproduction

Floral Still Life c.1670/90

Cornelis de Heem
Oil Painting
$1140
Canvas Print
$50.43
SKU: HEC-17608
Cornelis de Heem
Original Size: 37 x 27 cm
Minneapolis Institute of Arts Minnesota USA

The Attributes of the Arts and the Rewards Which Are Accorded Them, 1766 by Chardin | Painting Reproduction
SKU: CHJ-17601
Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
Original Size: 113 x 145.4 cm
Minneapolis Institute of Arts Minnesota USA

An Arrangement with Flowers, Undated by Georgius van Os | Painting Reproduction
SKU: OSG-17600
Georgius Jacobus Johannes van Os
Original Size: 52.7 x 40.3 cm
Minneapolis Institute of Arts Minnesota USA

Top