Still Life Painting Reproductions - Page 4

Still life is a work of art which represents a subject composed of inanimate objects. Popular in Western art since the 17th century, still life paintings, such as of flowers or fruit, give the artist more leeway in the arrangement of design elements within a composition than do paintings of other types of subjects such as landscape or portraiture.

Still life paintings often adorn the walls of ancient Egyptian tombs. It was believed that the foodstuffs and other items depicted there would, in the afterlife, become real and available for use by the deceased. Similar paintings, more simply decorative in intent, have also been found in the Roman frescoes unearthed at Pompeii and Herculaneum. The popular appreciation of still life painting as a demonstration of the artist's skill is related in the ancient Greek legend of Zeuxis and Parrhasius.

Through the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, still life in Western art was mainly used as an adjunct to Christian religious subjects. This was particularly true in the work of Northern European artists, whose fascination with highly detailed optical realism and disguised symbolism led them to lavish great attention on the meanings of various props and settings within their paintings' overall message. Painters such as Jan van Eyck often used still life elements as part of an iconographic program so dense that scholars to this day are still debating the possible symbolic significance of each flower, candle, or stone.

Still life came into its own in the new artistic climate of the Netherlands in the 17th century. While artists found limited opportunity to produce the religious art which had long been their staple (images of religious subjects were forbidden in the Dutch Reformed Protestant Church), the continuing Northern tradition of detailed realism and hidden symbols appealed to the growing Dutch middle classes, who were replacing Church and State as the principal patrons of art in the Netherlands.

Especially popular in this period were vanitas paintings, in which sumptuous arrangements of fruit and flowers, or lavish banquet tables with fine silver and crystal, were accompanied by symbolic reminders of life's impermanence. A skull, an hourglass or pocket watch, a candle burning down or a book with pages turning, would serve as a moralizing message on the ephemerality of sensory pleasures. Often some of the luscious fruits and flowers themselves would be shown starting to spoil or fade. The popularity of vanitas paintings, and of still life generally, soon spread from Holland to Flanders, Spain, and France.

The French aristocracy of the 18th century also employed artists to execute paintings of bounteous and extravagant still life subjects, this time without the moralistic vanitas message of their Dutch predecessors. The Rococo love of artifice led to a rise in appreciation for trompe l'oeil (French: "fool the eye") painting, a type of still life in which objects are shown life-sized, against a flat background, in an attempt to create the illusion of real three dimensional objects in the viewer's space.

With the rise of the European Academies, most notably the Academie francaise which held a central role in Academic art, and their formalized approach to artistic training, still life began to fall from favor. The Academies taught the doctrine of "Hierarchy of genres" (or "Hierarchy of Subject Matter"), which held that a painting's artistic merit was based primarily on its subject. In the Academic system, the highest form of painting consisted of images of historical, Biblical or mythological significance, with still life subjects relegated to the very lowest order of artistic recognition.

It was not until the decline of the Academic hierarchy in Europe, and the rise of the Impressionist and Post-Impressionist painters, who emphasized technique and design over subject matter, that still life was once again avidly practiced by artists. Henri Fantin-Latour is known almost exclusively for his still lifes. Vincent van Gogh's "Sunflowers" are some of the best known 19th century still life paintings, and Paul Cezanne found in still life the perfect vehicle for his revolutionary explorations in geometric spatial organization.

Indeed, Cezanne's experiments can be seen as leading directly to the development of Cubist still life in the early 20th century. Between 1910 and 1920, Cubist artists like Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, and Juan Gris painted many still life compositions, often including musical instruments, as well as creating the first Synthetic Cubist collage works, such as Picasso's "Still Life with Chair Caning" (1912).

Artists in the United States, largely unburdened by Academic strictures on subject matter, had long found a ready market for still life painting. Raphaelle Peale (1774-1825), eldest son of Revolutionary era painter Charles Willson Peale, was the first American still life specialist, and established a tradition of still life painting in Philadelphia that continued until the early 20th century, when artists such as William Harnett and John Frederick Peto gained fame for their trompe l'oeil renderings of collections of worn objects and scraps of paper, typically shown hanging on a wall or door.

When 20th century American artists became aware of European Modernism, they began to interpret still life subjects with a combination of American Realism and Cubist-derived abstraction. Typical of the American still life works of this period are the paintings of Georgia O'Keeffe, Stuart Davis, and Marsden Hartley, and the photographs of Edward Weston.

Much Pop Art (such as Andy Warhol's "Campbell's Soup Cans") is based on still life, but its true subject is most often the commodified image of the commercial product represented rather than the physical still life object itself. The rise of Photorealism in the 1970s reasserted illusionistic representation, while retaining some of Pop's message of the fusion of object, image, and commercial product. Typical in this regard are the paintings of Don Eddy and Ralph Goings. The works of Audrey Flack add to this mix an autobiographical Feminist message relating to cultural standards of female beauty. While they address contemporary themes, Flack's paintings often include trompe l'oeil and vanitas elements as well, thereby referencing the entire still life tradition of Western art.

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Still Life of Thistle between Carnations and Cornflowers, 1683 by Rachel Ruysch | Painting Reproduction
SKU: RRY-17864
Rachel Ruysch
Original Size: 64.5 x 51 cm
Private Collection

Still Life with Devil's Trumpet and Cactus, Undated by Rachel Ruysch | Painting Reproduction
SKU: RRY-17863
Rachel Ruysch
Original Size: 47.5 x 40 cm
Private Collection

Still Life with Flowers and Fruits, 1703 by Rachel Ruysch | Painting Reproduction

Still Life with Flowers and Fruits 1703

Rachel Ruysch
Oil Painting
$3955
Canvas Print
$60.18
SKU: RRY-17862
Rachel Ruysch
Original Size: 85 x 68 cm
Art Gallery at the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna Austria

Still-Life with Fruit, Flowers and Insects, c.1711 by Rachel Ruysch | Painting Reproduction
SKU: RRY-17861
Rachel Ruysch
Original Size: 44 x 60 cm
Galleria degli Uffizi Florence Italy

Flowers in a Glass Vase with Butterfly, 1686 by Rachel Ruysch | Painting Reproduction

Flowers in a Glass Vase with Butterfly 1686

Rachel Ruysch
Oil Painting
$1919
Canvas Print
$61.43
SKU: RRY-17860
Rachel Ruysch
Original Size: 57.4 x 46 cm
Kunsthalle Bremen Germany

Still Life with Flowers, 1709 by Rachel Ruysch | Painting Reproduction

Still Life with Flowers 1709

Rachel Ruysch
Oil Painting
$3781
Canvas Print
$61.84
SKU: RRY-17859
Rachel Ruysch
Original Size: 78 x 64 cm
Boston Museum of Fine Arts Massachusetts USA

A Swag of Fruit and Flowers Suspended before a Stone Arch, 1681 by Rachel Ruysch | Painting Reproduction
SKU: RRY-17858
Rachel Ruysch
Original Size: 65.7 x 50.8 cm
Private Collection

Garland of Flowers, 1683 by Rachel Ruysch | Painting Reproduction

Garland of Flowers 1683

Rachel Ruysch
Oil Painting
$2019
Canvas Print
$57.01
SKU: RRY-17857
Rachel Ruysch
Original Size: 48 x 63.2 cm
Staatliche Museum Schwerin Germany

Still Life with a Spray of Flowers, c.1685/00 by Rachel Ruysch | Painting Reproduction

Still Life with a Spray of Flowers c.1685/00

Rachel Ruysch
Oil Painting
$1084
Canvas Print
$50.10
SKU: RRY-17856
Rachel Ruysch
Original Size: 34.2 x 27.6 cm
Victoria and Albert Museum London United Kingdom

A Still-Life with a Spray of Flowers, c.1685/00 by Rachel Ruysch | Painting Reproduction

A Still-Life with a Spray of Flowers c.1685/00

Rachel Ruysch
Oil Painting
$1067
Canvas Print
$50.10
SKU: RRY-17855
Rachel Ruysch
Original Size: 34.2 x 27.6 cm
Victoria and Albert Museum London United Kingdom

Roses, Convolvulus, Poppies and Other Flowers in an Urn, 1680s by Rachel Ruysch | Painting Reproduction
SKU: RRY-17854
Rachel Ruysch
Original Size: 108 x 83.8 cm
Public Collection

A 'Forest Floor' Still Life of Flowers, Undated by Rachel Ruysch | Painting Reproduction

A 'Forest Floor' Still Life of Flowers Undated

Rachel Ruysch
Oil Painting
$2353
Canvas Print
$50.10
SKU: RRY-17853
Rachel Ruysch
Original Size: 47 x 40 cm
Ashmolean Museum Oxford United Kingdom

Still Life with Flowers in a Glass Vase, Undated by Rachel Ruysch | Painting Reproduction

Still Life with Flowers in a Glass Vase Undated

Rachel Ruysch
Oil Painting
$3010
Canvas Print
$62.40
SKU: RRY-17852
Rachel Ruysch
Original Size: 65 x 53.5 cm
Rijksmuseum Amsterdam Netherlands

Nosegay on a Marble Plinth, c.1695 by Rachel Ruysch | Painting Reproduction

Nosegay on a Marble Plinth c.1695

Rachel Ruysch
Oil Painting
$1278
Canvas Print
$50.10
SKU: RRY-17851
Rachel Ruysch
Original Size: 37.5 x 29.2 cm
Norton Simon Museum of Art Pasadena USA

Flowers in a Glass Vase with a Tulip, 1716 by Rachel Ruysch | Painting Reproduction

Flowers in a Glass Vase with a Tulip 1716

Rachel Ruysch
Oil Painting
$2734
Canvas Print
$50.10
SKU: RRY-17850
Rachel Ruysch
Original Size: 46.5 x 36 cm
National Gallery London United Kingdom

Flowers in a Vase, c.1685 by Rachel Ruysch | Painting Reproduction

Flowers in a Vase c.1685

Rachel Ruysch
Oil Painting
$2195
Canvas Print
$57.01
SKU: RRY-17849
Rachel Ruysch
Original Size: 57 x 43.5 cm
National Gallery London United Kingdom

Vase with Flowers, 1700 by Rachel Ruysch | Painting Reproduction

Vase with Flowers 1700

Rachel Ruysch
Oil Painting
$2199
Canvas Print
$57.15
SKU: RRY-17848
Rachel Ruysch
Original Size: 79.5 x 60.2 cm
Mauritshuis Royal Picture Gallery The Hague Netherlands

Fruit, Flowers, Reptiles and Insects on the Edge of the Forest, 1716 by Rachel Ruysch | Painting Reproduction
SKU: RRY-17847
Rachel Ruysch
Original Size: 89 x 68.5 cm
Palazzo Pitti Florence Italy

An Elaborate Basket of Flowers and a Tazza with Grapes, Undated by Jacob van Hulsdonck | Painting Reproduction
SKU: HUL-17846
Jacob van Hulsdonck
Original Size: 57.8 x 97.5 cm
Private Collection

A Still Life with a Vase of Carnations and a Basket of Fruits, Undated by Jacob van Hulsdonck | Painting Reproduction
SKU: HUL-17845
Jacob van Hulsdonck
Original Size: 49 x 65 cm
Private Collection

Still Life with Plums, Grapes and Peaches in a Wicker Basket, Undated by Jacob van Hulsdonck | Painting Reproduction
SKU: HUL-17844
Jacob van Hulsdonck
Original Size: 53 x 76.4 cm
Private Collection

Peaches, Plums and Grapes in a Basket, Undated by Jacob van Hulsdonck | Painting Reproduction
SKU: HUL-17843
Jacob van Hulsdonck
Original Size: 48.3 x 64 cm
Private Collection

Nectarines and Grapes in a Basket, Undated by Jacob van Hulsdonck | Painting Reproduction

Nectarines and Grapes in a Basket Undated

Jacob van Hulsdonck
Oil Painting
$1819
Canvas Print
$54.52
SKU: HUL-17842
Jacob van Hulsdonck
Original Size: 43.8 x 59.7 cm
Private Collection

Roses in a Glass Vase, c.1640/45 by Jacob van Hulsdonck | Painting Reproduction

Roses in a Glass Vase c.1640/45

Jacob van Hulsdonck
Oil Painting
$2043
Canvas Print
$50.10
SKU: HUL-17841
Jacob van Hulsdonck
Original Size: 35 x 28.4 cm
Mauritshuis Royal Picture Gallery The Hague Netherlands

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