Still Life Painting Reproductions - Page 7

Still life is a work of art which represents a subject composed of inanimate objects. Popular in Western art since the 17th century, still life paintings, such as of flowers or fruit, give the artist more leeway in the arrangement of design elements within a composition than do paintings of other types of subjects such as landscape or portraiture.

Still life paintings often adorn the walls of ancient Egyptian tombs. It was believed that the foodstuffs and other items depicted there would, in the afterlife, become real and available for use by the deceased. Similar paintings, more simply decorative in intent, have also been found in the Roman frescoes unearthed at Pompeii and Herculaneum. The popular appreciation of still life painting as a demonstration of the artist's skill is related in the ancient Greek legend of Zeuxis and Parrhasius.

Through the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, still life in Western art was mainly used as an adjunct to Christian religious subjects. This was particularly true in the work of Northern European artists, whose fascination with highly detailed optical realism and disguised symbolism led them to lavish great attention on the meanings of various props and settings within their paintings' overall message. Painters such as Jan van Eyck often used still life elements as part of an iconographic program so dense that scholars to this day are still debating the possible symbolic significance of each flower, candle, or stone.

Still life came into its own in the new artistic climate of the Netherlands in the 17th century. While artists found limited opportunity to produce the religious art which had long been their staple (images of religious subjects were forbidden in the Dutch Reformed Protestant Church), the continuing Northern tradition of detailed realism and hidden symbols appealed to the growing Dutch middle classes, who were replacing Church and State as the principal patrons of art in the Netherlands.

Especially popular in this period were vanitas paintings, in which sumptuous arrangements of fruit and flowers, or lavish banquet tables with fine silver and crystal, were accompanied by symbolic reminders of life's impermanence. A skull, an hourglass or pocket watch, a candle burning down or a book with pages turning, would serve as a moralizing message on the ephemerality of sensory pleasures. Often some of the luscious fruits and flowers themselves would be shown starting to spoil or fade. The popularity of vanitas paintings, and of still life generally, soon spread from Holland to Flanders, Spain, and France.

The French aristocracy of the 18th century also employed artists to execute paintings of bounteous and extravagant still life subjects, this time without the moralistic vanitas message of their Dutch predecessors. The Rococo love of artifice led to a rise in appreciation for trompe l'oeil (French: "fool the eye") painting, a type of still life in which objects are shown life-sized, against a flat background, in an attempt to create the illusion of real three dimensional objects in the viewer's space.

With the rise of the European Academies, most notably the Academie francaise which held a central role in Academic art, and their formalized approach to artistic training, still life began to fall from favor. The Academies taught the doctrine of "Hierarchy of genres" (or "Hierarchy of Subject Matter"), which held that a painting's artistic merit was based primarily on its subject. In the Academic system, the highest form of painting consisted of images of historical, Biblical or mythological significance, with still life subjects relegated to the very lowest order of artistic recognition.

It was not until the decline of the Academic hierarchy in Europe, and the rise of the Impressionist and Post-Impressionist painters, who emphasized technique and design over subject matter, that still life was once again avidly practiced by artists. Henri Fantin-Latour is known almost exclusively for his still lifes. Vincent van Gogh's "Sunflowers" are some of the best known 19th century still life paintings, and Paul Cezanne found in still life the perfect vehicle for his revolutionary explorations in geometric spatial organization.

Indeed, Cezanne's experiments can be seen as leading directly to the development of Cubist still life in the early 20th century. Between 1910 and 1920, Cubist artists like Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, and Juan Gris painted many still life compositions, often including musical instruments, as well as creating the first Synthetic Cubist collage works, such as Picasso's "Still Life with Chair Caning" (1912).

Artists in the United States, largely unburdened by Academic strictures on subject matter, had long found a ready market for still life painting. Raphaelle Peale (1774-1825), eldest son of Revolutionary era painter Charles Willson Peale, was the first American still life specialist, and established a tradition of still life painting in Philadelphia that continued until the early 20th century, when artists such as William Harnett and John Frederick Peto gained fame for their trompe l'oeil renderings of collections of worn objects and scraps of paper, typically shown hanging on a wall or door.

When 20th century American artists became aware of European Modernism, they began to interpret still life subjects with a combination of American Realism and Cubist-derived abstraction. Typical of the American still life works of this period are the paintings of Georgia O'Keeffe, Stuart Davis, and Marsden Hartley, and the photographs of Edward Weston.

Much Pop Art (such as Andy Warhol's "Campbell's Soup Cans") is based on still life, but its true subject is most often the commodified image of the commercial product represented rather than the physical still life object itself. The rise of Photorealism in the 1970s reasserted illusionistic representation, while retaining some of Pop's message of the fusion of object, image, and commercial product. Typical in this regard are the paintings of Don Eddy and Ralph Goings. The works of Audrey Flack add to this mix an autobiographical Feminist message relating to cultural standards of female beauty. While they address contemporary themes, Flack's paintings often include trompe l'oeil and vanitas elements as well, thereby referencing the entire still life tradition of Western art.

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Torso of Venus, 1886 by Vincent van Gogh | Painting Reproduction

Torso of Venus 1886

Vincent van Gogh
Oil Painting
$254
Canvas Print
$50.10
SKU: VVG-16609
Vincent van Gogh
Original Size: 35.3 x 27.2 cm
Van Gogh Museum Amsterdam Netherlands

Piles of French Novels, 1887 by Vincent van Gogh | Painting Reproduction

Piles of French Novels 1887

Vincent van Gogh
Oil Painting
$423
Canvas Print
$55.63
SKU: VVG-16608
Vincent van Gogh
Original Size: 54.4 x 73.6 cm
Van Gogh Museum Amsterdam Netherlands

Carafe and Dish with Citrus Fruit, 1887 by Vincent van Gogh | Painting Reproduction

Carafe and Dish with Citrus Fruit 1887

Vincent van Gogh
Oil Painting
$327
Canvas Print
$50.10
SKU: VVG-16607
Vincent van Gogh
Original Size: 46.3 x 38.4 cm
Van Gogh Museum Amsterdam Netherlands

Cafe Table with Absinthe, 1887 by Vincent van Gogh | Painting Reproduction

Cafe Table with Absinthe 1887

Vincent van Gogh
Oil Painting
$262
Canvas Print
$50.10
SKU: VVG-16606
Vincent van Gogh
Original Size: 46.3 x 33.2 cm
Van Gogh Museum Amsterdam Netherlands

Shoes, 1887 by Vincent van Gogh | Painting Reproduction

Shoes 1887

Vincent van Gogh
Oil Painting
$322
Canvas Print
$50.10
SKU: VVG-16605
Vincent van Gogh
Original Size: 32.7 x 40.8 cm
Van Gogh Museum Amsterdam Netherlands

Prawns and Mussels, 1886 by Vincent van Gogh | Painting Reproduction

Prawns and Mussels 1886

Vincent van Gogh
Oil Painting
$251
Canvas Print
$50.10
SKU: VVG-16604
Vincent van Gogh
Original Size: 26.5 x 34.8 cm
Van Gogh Museum Amsterdam Netherlands

Small Bottle with Peonies and Blue Delphiniums, 1886 by Vincent van Gogh | Painting Reproduction
SKU: VVG-16603
Vincent van Gogh
Original Size: 34.5 x 27 cm
Van Gogh Museum Amsterdam Netherlands

Glass with Yellow Roses, 1886 by Vincent van Gogh | Painting Reproduction

Glass with Yellow Roses 1886

Vincent van Gogh
Oil Painting
$241
Canvas Print
$50.10
SKU: VVG-16602
Vincent van Gogh
Original Size: 35 x 27 cm
Van Gogh Museum Amsterdam Netherlands

Peacocks, 1683 by Melchior d'Hondecoeter | Painting Reproduction

Peacocks 1683

Melchior d'Hondecoeter
Oil Painting
$5832
Canvas Print
$53.56
SKU: DHM-16601
Melchior d'Hondecoeter
Original Size: 190.2 x 134.6 cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art New York USA

Still Life with Flowers in a Greek Vase: Allegory of Spring, 1817 by Georgius van Os | Painting Reproduction
SKU: OSG-16600
Georgius Jacobus Johannes van Os
Original Size: 149 x 116 cm
Rijksmuseum Amsterdam Netherlands

Banquet Still Life, 1644 by van Utrecht | Painting Reproduction

Banquet Still Life 1644

Adriaen van Utrecht
Oil Painting
$7375
Canvas Print
$57.70
SKU: UVA-16599
Adriaen van Utrecht
Original Size: 185 x 242.5 cm
Rijksmuseum Amsterdam Netherlands

Still Life with Flowers and Fruits, 1804 by Cornelis van Spaendonck | Painting Reproduction
SKU: SCO-16406
Cornelis van Spaendonck
Original Size: 93 x 73 cm
Fuji Art Museum Tokyo Japan

Still Life with Flowers and Grapes, 1824 by Cornelis van Spaendonck | Painting Reproduction
SKU: SCO-16405
Cornelis van Spaendonck
Original Size: 63 x 52 cm
Private Collection

Vase of Flowers on a Stone Table with a Nest and a Greenfinch, 1789 by Cornelis van Spaendonck | Painting Reproduction
SKU: SCO-16404
Cornelis van Spaendonck
Original Size: 91 x 73 cm
Louvre Museum Paris France

Flower Bunch with a Bird Nest, 1810 by Cornelis van Spaendonck | Painting Reproduction

Flower Bunch with a Bird Nest 1810

Cornelis van Spaendonck
Oil Painting
$1728
Canvas Print
$61.15
SKU: SCO-16403
Cornelis van Spaendonck
Original Size: 57.7 x 70.7 cm
Private Collection

A Vase of Flowers with a Bird's Nest on a Marble Ledge, 1820 by van Dael | Painting Reproduction
SKU: DVJ-16402
Jan Frans van Dael
Original Size: 41 x 32.5 cm
Private Collection

Still Life with Basket of Grapes and Peaches, 1809 by van Dael | Painting Reproduction
SKU: DVJ-16401
Jan Frans van Dael
Original Size: 54 x 42.8 cm
Private Collection

Vase of Flowers, Grapes and Peaches, 1810 by van Dael | Painting Reproduction

Vase of Flowers, Grapes and Peaches 1810

Jan Frans van Dael
Oil Painting
$7953
Canvas Print
$59.91
SKU: DVJ-16397
Jan Frans van Dael
Original Size: 99 x 79 cm
Louvre Museum Paris France

Still Life with Shell, Peeled Lemon and Pomegranate, undated by de Heem | Painting Reproduction
SKU: HJD-16396
Jan Davidsz de Heem
Original Size: 80 x 61 cm
Private Collection

Still Life with a Pewter Jug, Oysters and a Lemon, 1633 by de Heem | Painting Reproduction
SKU: HJD-16395
Jan Davidsz de Heem
Original Size: 61 x 49.5 cm
Public Collection

Still Life with Books, 1628 by de Heem | Painting Reproduction

Still Life with Books 1628

Jan Davidsz de Heem
Oil Painting
$1525
Canvas Print
$50.10
SKU: HJD-16394
Jan Davidsz de Heem
Original Size: 31.2 x 40.2 cm
Public Collection

Still Life with Grape and Lemon, 1654 by de Heem | Painting Reproduction

Still Life with Grape and Lemon 1654

Jan Davidsz de Heem
Oil Painting
$1593
Canvas Print
$57.15
SKU: HJD-16393
Jan Davidsz de Heem
Original Size: 48 x 63.5 cm
Private Collection

Still Life with Blue Pot, c.1900 by Cezanne | Painting Reproduction
SKU: CEZ-16392
Paul Cezanne
Original Size: 48 x 63.2 cm
J. Paul Getty Museum Los Angeles USA

Still Life with Glass of Wine and Herring, 1653 by de Heem | Painting Reproduction
SKU: HJD-16390
Jan Davidsz de Heem
Original Size: 33 x 49.5 cm
Private Collection

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