Impressionism and Post-Impressionism Artists Index

Impressionism and Post-Impressionism Artists Index

Alphabetical Index of the Great Masters of Impressionism and Post-Impressionism

Impressionism is an art movement that originated in France in the late 19th century, roughly between 1860 and 1900. The movement is characterized by the use of small, visible brush strokes and the depiction of light and its changing qualities in nature. The term "impressionism" was coined from the title of Claude Monet's painting "Impression, Sunrise," which was exhibited in 1874.

Impressionist artists rejected the academic tradition of painting and sought to capture fleeting moments of everyday life, often depicting scenes from modern urban life, leisure activities, and landscapes. They were interested in capturing the effects of light and color on the visual world, and often painted en plein air (outdoors) to capture the changing natural light.

Some of the most famous Impressionist artists include Claude Monet, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Edgar Degas, Camille Pissarro, and Berthe Morisot. They were known for their use of bright, vibrant colors, and their rejection of the traditional methods of blending colors to create a smooth, polished finish. Instead, they used short, broken brushstrokes to capture the essence of the subject.

The Impressionist movement had a significant impact on the development of modern art. It paved the way for other artistic movements such as Post-Impressionism, Fauvism, and Expressionism. Impressionism continues to be popular today, and its influence can be seen in contemporary art and design.

Post-Impressionism is a term used to describe a diverse group of artists who were influenced by Impressionism but sought to move beyond its limitations. Post-Impressionist artists sought to explore the expressive potential of color, form, and composition in new and innovative ways.

The Post-Impressionist movement emerged in France in the late 19th century, roughly between 1886 and 1905. Some of the most famous Post-Impressionist artists include Paul Cézanne, Vincent van Gogh, Georges Seurat, and Paul Gauguin.

Post-Impressionist artists rejected the Impressionist focus on fleeting moments and instead sought to create more permanent, enduring works of art. They were interested in exploring the underlying structure of the visual world, and often used geometric shapes and patterns to create more abstract compositions.

One of the key developments of Post-Impressionism was the development of Pointillism, a painting technique that uses small, distinct dots of color to create a larger image. Georges Seurat was the most famous practitioner of this technique, and his masterpiece "A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte" is a prime example of Pointillism.

Another important development of Post-Impressionism was the exploration of color theory. Artists like Cézanne and van Gogh experimented with using color to convey emotions and create a sense of depth and space.

Post-Impressionism was a highly influential movement, and it paved the way for other artistic movements such as Fauvism, Expressionism, and Cubism.

Adams, John Ottis (1851-1927)

Benson, Frank Weston (1862-1951)

Betts, Louis (1873-1961)

Boldini, Giovanni (1842-1931)

Bonnard, Pierre (1867-1947)

Boudin, Eugene (1824-1898)

Caillebotte, Gustave (1848-1894)

Carlson, John Fabian (1875-1945)

Cassatt, Mary Stevenson (1844-1926)

Cezanne, Paul (1839-1906)

Chase, William Merritt (1849-1916)

Cooper, Colin Campbell (1856-1937)

Degas, Hilaire Germain Edgar (1834-1917)

Dewing, Thomas Wilmer (1851-1938)

Dewis, Louis (1872-1946)

Frieseke, Frederick Carl (1874-1939)

Gagnon, Clarence (1881-1942)

Gauguin, Paul (1848-1903)

Goeneutte, Norbert (1854-1894)

Gogh, Vincent van (1853-1890)

Hassam, Frederick Childe (1859-1935)

Jongkind, Johann (1819-1891)

Lebasque, Henri (1865-1937)

Lepine, Stanislas (1835-1892)

Loir, Luigi (1845-1916)

MacDonald, James Edward Hervey (1873-1932)

Manet, Edouard (1832-1883)

Metcalf, Willard Leroy (1858-1925)

Monet, Claude (1840-1926)

Morisot, Berthe (1841-1895)

Morrice, James Wilson (1865-1924)

Mulhaupt, Frederick (1871-1938)

Onderdonk, Julian (1882-1922)

Payne, Edgar Alwin (c.1882-1947)

Perry, Lilla Cabot (1848-1933)

Pissarro, Camille Jacob (1830-1903)

Potthast, Edward Henry (1857-1927)

Reid, Robert (1862-1929)

Renoir, Pierre-Auguste (1841-1919)

Rico y Ortega, Martin (1833-1908)

Rose, Guy (1867-1925)

Rousseau (Le Douanier), Henri (1844-1910)

Rysselberghe, Theo van (1862-1926)

Sandzen, Birger (1871-1954)

Sargent, John Singer (1856-1925)

Sisley, Alfred (1839-1899)

Sorolla y Bastida, Joaquin (1863-1923)

Steele, Theodore Clement (1847-1926)

Symons, George Gardner (1863-1930)

Tarbell, Edmund Charles (1862-1938)

Thaulow, Frits (1847-1906)

Thomson, Tom (1877-1917)

Toulouse-Lautrec, Henri de (1864-1901)

Twachtman, John Henry (1853-1902)

Vonnoh, Robert (1858-1933)

Vuillard, Edouard (1868-1940)

Whistler, James (1834-1903)

Ziem, Felix (1821-1911)