Portrait of Vincent van Gogh

Vincent van Gogh Painting Reproductions 7 of 18

1853-1890

Dutch Post-Impressionist Painter

Vincent Van Gogh, Dutch painter (Groot Zundert, Brabant, 1853-Auvers-sur-Oise 1890).

Vincent Van Gogh embodied the myth of the misunderstood genius of his time, so much so that his works were ignored in his own time and are today among the most sought-after in the world. He tried to exorcise his inner turmoil through painting. His research into form and color had a lasting influence on the avant-gardes to come.

A pastor's son, Vincent Van Gogh was named after a brother who was stillborn the year before he was born. Four years after his birth, he had another brother, Theodorus (1857-1891), whom he called Theo - and who supported him morally and financially throughout his life.

An unstable child with a talent for drawing, Vincent's uncles included the founder of the Goupil art gallery in Paris, which had numerous branches throughout Europe. He was sent successively to the Hague branch (1869), then to the Brussels and London branches (1873-1876), to learn the art business. Following setbacks in love, he took refuge in mysticism, writing letters to Theo as an outlet for his troubled soul.

After a brief stay in Paris, Van Gogh returned to London and became a schoolteacher in the working-class district of Isleworth. He sensed a true religious vocation, which led him to evangelize the miners of the Borinage region in Belgium. His zeal for evangelism offended the ecclesiastical authorities, who put a stop to it after a year (1879). After several years of solitary wandering, painting took precedence over preaching.

A devotee of Jean-François Millet, Van Gogh devoted himself to the study of landscapes and peasant scenes when he took up oil painting in 1882, on the advice of his cousin by marriage, Anton Mauve (1838-1888).

In Nuenen, near Eindhoven, where he lived for almost two years (December 1883-November 1885), he became familiar with Dutch realism (Potato Eaters, 1885). He then moved to Antwerp to attend the École des Beaux-Arts, where he discovered the work of Peter Paul Rubens. But, put off by the teaching he received, he left again in February 1886 to join his brother in Paris, who took him in at a studio in Montmartre.

Van Gogh frequented the milieu of Impressionist and Neo-Impressionist painters (Camille Pissarro, Paul Gauguin, Paul Signac). He joined the studio of Cormon (1845-1924), where he became friends with Émile Bernard and Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, who were to exert a clear influence on him. The three friends organized their first exhibition in 1887. They didn't sell any paintings, but they knew that their time had not yet come.

In contact with Gauguin, but also under the influence of Japanese prints, Van Gogh refined his research into color; his palette became lighter and more diversified, his style more flexible, giving rise to experiments in still lifes, landscapes and portraits (Père Tanguy, 1887). To perfect his work, he needed to find skies other than those of Paris. So, in February 1888, he moved to Arles. Dazzled by the light of the Midi, Van Gogh made color the very object of his work, rather than just a component of it. He sought the greatest possible intensity in both tones (such as the yellows in the Sunflower series) and chromatic relationships (yellow/blue, yellow/green, blue/green, red/green): flowers (Peach in bloom, "Souvenir de Mauve", 1888), landscapes (the Crau Plain with the ruins of Montmajour), interiors (the Night Café), portraits (Mousmée in the armchair) are charged with great expressivity.

Living alone among the people of Arles, who were suspicious of this strange outsider, Van Gogh sank into depression. Yet he did not abandon his dream of forming a community of painters. He finally persuaded Gauguin to join him. The master of Pont-Aven arrived in Arles in November 1888 and took up residence in the "Yellow House" - his host's studio.

But he couldn't stand Gauguin's inexpressive nature, and on the evening of December 23, 1888, after a more violent argument than the previous ones, he left for the house. Shortly afterwards, Van Gogh took a knife and cut off part of his left ear, which he then took to a prostitute. Two self-portraits bear witness to this gesture.

Admitted to the Saint-Rémy-de-Provence asylum, where he remained for a year (May 1889-May 1890), Van Gogh devoted himself to a style of painting in which elongated brushstrokes and twisted forms convey the force of his torments (Starry night, 1889). As soon as he was discharged, he had to leave Arles under pressure from the locals, whom he frightened.

Terribly weakened, Van Gogh agreed to go to Auvers-sur-Oise, where Dr. Paul Gachet lived. A doctor, but also an art lover and himself a painter in his spare time, Gachet was a friend of Paul Cézanne, Édouard Manet, Auguste Renoir and Edgar Degas. Through Théo Van Gogh, he became aware of Vincent's work, the importance of which he immediately sensed, at the same time as his illness. From then on, he never stopped trying to get him to come to Auvers-sur-Oise, drawing criticism - unfounded at the time - from those who accused him of acting out of self-interest.

A real friendship developed between the two men. Gachet succeeded in establishing a climate of trust around Van Gogh, which had a beneficial effect. The painter painted a first portrait of his benefactor, who, filled with admiration, commissioned a second. Perhaps for the first time in his life, Van Gogh was aware that his talent was recognized and his art understood by a man of quality.

Picking up his brushes again, he spent whole days at his easel, executing several of his masterpieces: "The Church of Auvers-sur-Oise", "View from the bedside" (1890), "Cottages at Cordeville", "Wheatfield with Crows". Here again, color is crucial, but it becomes darker, and forms more tortured, like the painter's mind. His inner pain is the strongest: "There's something inside me: what is it?" he desperately wants to know. He only benefited from the help Gachet was able to give him for three months, and ended up quarrelling with Gachet as well.

On July 27, 1890, while out for a walk, Van Gogh shot himself in the chest and, despite Gachet's care, died two days later. This was the end of an artist who had signed over eight hundred canvases, but who, during his lifetime, sold only one, the "The Red Vineyard", bought in Brussels in 1890.

412 Vincent van Gogh Paintings

Vincent's Bedroom in Arles, 1888 by Vincent van Gogh | Painting Reproduction

Vincent's Bedroom in Arles 1888

Oil Painting
$615
Canvas Print
$58.79
SKU: VVG-1246
Vincent van Gogh
Original Size: 72 x 90 cm
Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Willows at Sunset, 1888 by Vincent van Gogh | Painting Reproduction

Willows at Sunset 1888

Oil Painting
$190
Canvas Print
$49.05
SKU: VVG-1247
Vincent van Gogh
Original Size: 31.5 x 34.5 cm
Kroller-Mueller Museum, Otterlo, Netherlands

Couple in the Park, Arles, 1888 by Vincent van Gogh | Painting Reproduction

Couple in the Park, Arles 1888

Oil Painting
$617
Canvas Print
$58.92
SKU: VVG-1248
Vincent van Gogh
Original Size: 73 x 92 cm
Private Collection

Starry Night over the Rhone, 1888 by Vincent van Gogh | Painting Reproduction

Starry Night over the Rhone 1888

Oil Painting
$616
Canvas Print
$57.16
SKU: VVG-1249
Vincent van Gogh
Original Size: 72.5 x 92 cm
Musee d'Orsay, Paris, France

The Night Cafe in the Place Lamartine in Arles, 1888 by Vincent van Gogh | Painting Reproduction

The Night Cafe in the Place Lamartine in Arles 1888

Oil Painting
$645
Canvas Print
$59.19
SKU: VVG-1250
Vincent van Gogh
Original Size: 72.4 x 92.1 cm
Yale University Art Gallery, Connecticut, USA

The Cafe Terrace on the Place du Forum, Arles, 1888 by Vincent van Gogh | Painting Reproduction

The Cafe Terrace on the Place du Forum, Arles 1888

Oil Painting
$617
Canvas Print
$60.00
SKU: VVG-1251
Vincent van Gogh
Original Size: 81 x 65.5 cm
Kroller-Mueller Museum, Otterlo, Netherlands

The Plowed Field, 1888 by Vincent van Gogh | Painting Reproduction

The Plowed Field 1888

Oil Painting
$581
Canvas Print
$58.11
SKU: VVG-1252
Vincent van Gogh
Original Size: 65 x 81 cm
Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands

The Old Mill, 1888 by Vincent van Gogh | Painting Reproduction

The Old Mill 1888

Oil Painting
$424
Canvas Print
$61.62
SKU: VVG-1253
Vincent van Gogh
Original Size: 83.2 x 73 cm
Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, USA

Public Park with Weeping Willow, 1888 by Vincent van Gogh | Painting Reproduction

Public Park with Weeping Willow 1888

Oil Painting
$581
Canvas Print
$58.92
SKU: VVG-1254
Vincent van Gogh
Original Size: 73 x 92 cm
Art Institute of Chicago, Illinois, USA

Entrance to the Public Garden in Arles, 1888 by Vincent van Gogh | Painting Reproduction

Entrance to the Public Garden in Arles 1888

Oil Painting
$604
Canvas Print
$58.11
SKU: VVG-1255
Vincent van Gogh
Original Size: 72.4 x 90.8 cm
Phillips Collection, Washington, USA

A Lane in the Public Garden at Arles, 1888 by Vincent van Gogh | Painting Reproduction

A Lane in the Public Garden at Arles 1888

Oil Painting
$581
Canvas Print
$58.39
SKU: VVG-1256
Vincent van Gogh
Original Size: 73 x 92 cm
Kroller-Mueller Museum, Otterlo, Netherlands

Coal Barges, 1888 by Vincent van Gogh | Painting Reproduction

Coal Barges 1888

Oil Painting
$387
Canvas Print
$61.90
SKU: VVG-1257
Vincent van Gogh
Original Size: 53.5 x 64 cm
Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, Madrid, Spain

Coal Barges, 1888 by Vincent van Gogh | Painting Reproduction

Coal Barges 1888

Oil Painting
$561
SKU: VVG-1258
Vincent van Gogh
Original Size: 71 x 95 cm
Private Collection

Quay with Men Unloading Sand Barges, 1888 by Vincent van Gogh | Painting Reproduction

Quay with Men Unloading Sand Barges 1888

Oil Painting
$489
SKU: VVG-1259
Vincent van Gogh
Original Size: 55 x 66.2 cm
Museum Folkwang, Essen, Germany

Still Life: Vase with Fourteen Sunflowers, 1888 by Vincent van Gogh | Painting Reproduction

Still Life: Vase with Fourteen Sunflowers 1888

Oil Painting
$586
Canvas Print
$58.51
SKU: VVG-1260
Vincent van Gogh
Original Size: 92.1 x 73 cm
National Gallery, London, United Kingdom

Three Sunflowers in a Vase, 1888 by Vincent van Gogh | Painting Reproduction

Three Sunflowers in a Vase 1888

Oil Painting
$530
Canvas Print
$58.92
SKU: VVG-1261
Vincent van Gogh
Original Size: 73 x 58 cm
Private Collection

Still Life - Vase with Twelve Sunflowers, 1888 by Vincent van Gogh | Painting Reproduction

Still Life - Vase with Twelve Sunflowers 1888

Oil Painting
$589
Canvas Print
$58.92
SKU: VVG-1262
Vincent van Gogh
Original Size: 92 x 73 cm
Neue Pinakothek, Munich, Germany

Interior of the Restaurant Carrel in Arles, 1887 by Vincent van Gogh | Painting Reproduction

Interior of the Restaurant Carrel in Arles 1887

Oil Painting
$421
Canvas Print
$61.90
SKU: VVG-1263
Vincent van Gogh
Original Size: 51.1 x 65.4 cm
Private Collection

Encampment of Gypsies with Caravans, 1888  by Vincent van Gogh | Painting Reproduction

Encampment of Gypsies with Caravans 1888

Oil Painting
$290
Canvas Print
$56.39
SKU: VVG-1264
Vincent van Gogh
Original Size: 45 x 51 cm
Musee d'Orsay, Paris, France

Still Life - Vase with Oleanders and Books, 1888 by Vincent van Gogh | Painting Reproduction

Still Life - Vase with Oleanders and Books 1888

Oil Painting
$545
Canvas Print
$60.81
SKU: VVG-1265
Vincent van Gogh
Original Size: 60.3 x 73.7 cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA

A Pair of Shoes, 1888 by Vincent van Gogh | Painting Reproduction

A Pair of Shoes 1888

Oil Painting
$352
Canvas Print
$61.98
SKU: VVG-1266
Vincent van Gogh
Original Size: 45.7 x 55.2 cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA

Garden Behind a House, August 188 by Vincent van Gogh | Painting Reproduction

Garden Behind a House August 188

Oil Painting
$402
SKU: VVG-1267
Vincent van Gogh
Original Size: unknown
Kunsthaus, Zurich, Switzerland

Self-Portrait (Dedicated to Paul Gauguin), September by Vincent van Gogh | Painting Reproduction

Self-Portrait (Dedicated to Paul Gauguin) September

Oil Painting
$396
Canvas Print
$74.95
SKU: VVG-1268
Vincent van Gogh
Original Size: 61 x 50 cm
Fogg Art Museum at Harvard University, Massachusetts, USA

The Painter on His Way to Work, July 1888 by Vincent van Gogh | Painting Reproduction

The Painter on His Way to Work July 1888

Oil Painting
$311
SKU: VVG-1269
Vincent van Gogh
Original Size: 48 x 44 cm
Destroyed in World War II

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